Nuclear performances of the water-cooled lithium lead DEMO reactor: Neutronic analysis on a fully heterogeneous model
The development of a conceptual design for the Demonstration Fusion Power Reactor (DEMO) is a key issue within the EUROfusion roadmap. The DEMO reactor is designed to produce a fusion power of about 2 GW and generate a substantial amount of electricity, relying on a closed tritium fuel cycle: it implies that the breeding blanket (BB) shall guarantee a suitable tritium production to enable a continuous operation without any external supply. The Water-Cooled Lithium Lead (WCLL) concept is a can...
The “Divertor Tokamak Test facility” (DTT) is an experimental fusion reactor being built in Frascati (IT) in the framework of the European Fusion Roadmap. The DTT Central Solenoid operates in a pulsed regime to generate the magnetic flux needed to induce the plasma current and is therefore subjected to burdensome load conditions. In DTT, this magnet will consist of a stack of six layer-wound independently energized modules, wound with Nb 3 Sn Cable-in-Conduit Conductors. Different layout solu...
Design and Characterization of the Interlayer Joint between Low-Field Nb3Sn Conductors of a Layer Wound DEMO TF Coil
In the frame of the conceptual design studies for the Toroidal Field (TF) coils of DEMO, a solution based on a layer-wound magnet, rectangular-shaped Cable-in-Conduit conductors and W&R manufacturing approach, is being developed. The feasibility and performance of a large-size Nb3Sn conductor operating at about 82 kA in a 13 T field has been proven in the past. Another key technology to be demonstrated for a layer-wound TF coil, is that of a joint between two different conductor grades, t...
The 1144 family of Iron Based Superconductors (IBSCs) is characterized by critical currents among the highest for single crystalline IBSCs. The synthesis of polycrystalline compounds is usually carried out through high temperature (T > 900 °C) processes. These methods, justified by a supposed thermodynamic instability of the 1144 phase at low temperature, are complicated by the presence of highly volatile elements and require fast heating and cooling steps. Here, it is shown how a High Ene...
Following ELMy H-mode experiments with liquid metal divertor target on the COMPASS tokamak, we predict the behavior of a similar target on COMPASS Upgrade, where it will be exposed to surface heat fluxes even higher than those expected in the future EU DEMO attached divertor. We simulate the heat conduction, sputtering, evaporation, excitation and radiation of lithium and tin in the divertor area. Measured high-resolution data from COMPASS tokamak were rescaled towards the Upgrade based on ma...
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