This chapter illustrates the particular application of the scientific methodology (used during the pre-release stages of Bt cotton) supporting the risk assessment of nontarget organisms and biodiversity to nontarget herbivores in Brazil. The steps in the methodology (i.e. species selection, listing and prioritizing nontarget species and processes, identifying trophically mediated exposure pathways to transgenic plant and transgene products, identifying possible adverse effect scenarios for tr...
This chapter elaborates on case-specific methodologies (for use during the pre-release stages of Bt cotton) to support risk assessment of nontarget organisms and biodiversity applied to the Brazil case study: (1) identifying functional categories of biodiversity; (2) listing and prioritizing nontarget species and processes; (3) identifying trophically mediated exposure pathways to transgenic plant and transgene products; (4) identifying possible adverse effect scenarios for trophically mediat...
This chapter briefly summarizes the agricultural context for the possible use of Bt cotton in Brazil and the major achievements and key findings of this case study which presents scientific analysis supporting the environmental risk assessment of transgenic crops that are in the process of commercial development. It concludes with recommendations for completing a risk assessment of Bt cotton in Brazil and suggests activities to further develop the scientific capacities for environmental risk ...
This chapter discusses the following procedures for risk assessment in Bt cotton using the non-target risk assessment model developed by scientists of the GMO ERA Project ("International Project on GMO Environmental Risk Assessment Methodologies", which is a continuation of the GMO Guidelines Project, which was launched by scientists of the International Organization for Biological Control Global Working Group on "Transgenic Organisms in Integrated Pest Management and Biological Control"): (1...
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