In the development of the DEMO Physics Basis an important role is played by the prediction of the plasma disruption features and by the evaluation of the electro-magnetic (EM) and thermal loads associated with these events. Indeed, the kind and number of foreseen plasma disruptions drive the development of the DEMO operation scenarios and the design of vessel and in-vessel components. To characterize a plausible macroscopic plasma dynamics during these events, we will carry out an extrapolation from present-day machines of the main parameters characterizing the disruptions: thermal and current quench time, evolution of plasma current, β and li, safety factor limits, halo current fraction and width, radiated heat fraction. In particular, we will focus on extrapolations for the thermal and current quench characteristic times, due to their importance for the subsequent simulations aimed at the evaluation of the EM and thermal loads. The different options for DEMO design will be taken into account and the possible range of variation of the parameters will be estimated. The 2D axysimmetric MAXFEA and the 3D CarMa0NL codes will be used to evaluate the effects of the induced currents and the EM loads during a disruptive event and to analyze the various design options obtained by the PROCESS code. The results of these simulations, modeled as worst expected events, will be used as input for the system level analysis and design of the vessel and relevant in-vessel components. First simulations with CarMa0NL code including 3D structures are here presented to show the significant effects due to the large access ports. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

First disruption studies and simulations in view of the development of the DEMO Physics Basis

Crisanti, F.;Maddaluno, G.;Ramogida, G.
2015

Abstract

In the development of the DEMO Physics Basis an important role is played by the prediction of the plasma disruption features and by the evaluation of the electro-magnetic (EM) and thermal loads associated with these events. Indeed, the kind and number of foreseen plasma disruptions drive the development of the DEMO operation scenarios and the design of vessel and in-vessel components. To characterize a plausible macroscopic plasma dynamics during these events, we will carry out an extrapolation from present-day machines of the main parameters characterizing the disruptions: thermal and current quench time, evolution of plasma current, β and li, safety factor limits, halo current fraction and width, radiated heat fraction. In particular, we will focus on extrapolations for the thermal and current quench characteristic times, due to their importance for the subsequent simulations aimed at the evaluation of the EM and thermal loads. The different options for DEMO design will be taken into account and the possible range of variation of the parameters will be estimated. The 2D axysimmetric MAXFEA and the 3D CarMa0NL codes will be used to evaluate the effects of the induced currents and the EM loads during a disruptive event and to analyze the various design options obtained by the PROCESS code. The results of these simulations, modeled as worst expected events, will be used as input for the system level analysis and design of the vessel and relevant in-vessel components. First simulations with CarMa0NL code including 3D structures are here presented to show the significant effects due to the large access ports. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
MAXFEA;CarMa0NL;DEMO;Plasma disruptions;VDE
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/3827
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