Societies rely on the exchange of essential goods and services produced by Critical Infrastructures (CI). The failure of one CI following an event could cause “cascading effects” on other CI that amplifies the crisis. Existing tools incorporate modelling and simulation techniques to analyze these effects. The CIPRNet tools go a step further by assessing the consequences on population in a static manner: people are located at their census home; their sensibility to a resource lack varies during the day. This paper improves human impacts assessment by mapping people mobility thanks to the DEMOCRITE project methodology. It focuses on location of people with regards to their activities and the time period (night/day, holidays), and discuss their sensibility to the lack of key infrastructure services. Human vulnerability maps of Paris area during periods of a working day time show the importance to take into account people mobility when assessing crisis impacts. © 2017, Springer International Publishing AG.

Human vulnerability mapping facing critical service disruptions for crisis managers

Rosato, V.
2017

Abstract

Societies rely on the exchange of essential goods and services produced by Critical Infrastructures (CI). The failure of one CI following an event could cause “cascading effects” on other CI that amplifies the crisis. Existing tools incorporate modelling and simulation techniques to analyze these effects. The CIPRNet tools go a step further by assessing the consequences on population in a static manner: people are located at their census home; their sensibility to a resource lack varies during the day. This paper improves human impacts assessment by mapping people mobility thanks to the DEMOCRITE project methodology. It focuses on location of people with regards to their activities and the time period (night/day, holidays), and discuss their sensibility to the lack of key infrastructure services. Human vulnerability maps of Paris area during periods of a working day time show the importance to take into account people mobility when assessing crisis impacts. © 2017, Springer International Publishing AG.
9783319713670
Vulnerability mapping;GIS method;Risk analysis;Critical Infrastructure;Cascading effects
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/3986
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
social impact