The neutron time of flight (n_TOF) facility at CERN is a neutron spallation source with a flight path of 187.5 m. Intense proton bunches from the CERN PS with an energy of 20 GeV, an intensity of 7E12 protons per pulse, and a pulse width of 6 ns are focused on a lead spallation module. The white neutron energy spectrum produced in this way ranges from thermal to several GeV, thus covering the full energy range of interest far nuclear astrophysics, in particular for measurements of the neutron capture cross sections required in s-process nucleosynthesis. The combination of the long flight path of 187.5 m, which allows to perform time-of-flight measurements with very high energy resolution in a low-background environment, with the extremely high instantaneous neutron flux and the low repetition frequency of the proton beam is quite unique and perfectly suited for measurements of neutron capture cross sections in general and on radioactive samples in particular. This contribution gives an overview of the completed neutron capture studies on isotopes of Mg, Zr, La, Sm, Os, Pb, and Bi. Further improvements and future plans for nuclear astrophysics applications are addressed as well.

NeutronCapture Cross Section Measurements for Nuclear Astrophysics at n_TOF

Ventura, A.;
2006

Abstract

The neutron time of flight (n_TOF) facility at CERN is a neutron spallation source with a flight path of 187.5 m. Intense proton bunches from the CERN PS with an energy of 20 GeV, an intensity of 7E12 protons per pulse, and a pulse width of 6 ns are focused on a lead spallation module. The white neutron energy spectrum produced in this way ranges from thermal to several GeV, thus covering the full energy range of interest far nuclear astrophysics, in particular for measurements of the neutron capture cross sections required in s-process nucleosynthesis. The combination of the long flight path of 187.5 m, which allows to perform time-of-flight measurements with very high energy resolution in a low-background environment, with the extremely high instantaneous neutron flux and the low repetition frequency of the proton beam is quite unique and perfectly suited for measurements of neutron capture cross sections in general and on radioactive samples in particular. This contribution gives an overview of the completed neutron capture studies on isotopes of Mg, Zr, La, Sm, Os, Pb, and Bi. Further improvements and future plans for nuclear astrophysics applications are addressed as well.
Applicazioni di fisica e tecnologie nucleari
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/4292
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
social impact