The scope of this paper is to examine the improvement from laser welding by an innovative beam wobbling head towards the welding of tailored blanks parts, widely used in automotive to develop different stiffness aluminum components. For this purpose, butt joints and overlapping joints were produced from sheets made out of two industrial grades, i.e. AA-6082 T6 and AA-5754 H111 of different thickness. The technique was evaluated both with and without the use of a filler wire (AA-5556). The qualification of the welding process encompassed Non Destructive Testing (NDT) and mechanical testing. The results indicate that butt joints tend to fail within the base material (BM) of sheet with smaller thickness. On the contrary, the shear tests on lap joints highlighted a rupture mode occurring in the heat affected zone (HAZ) of the thin sheet. Remarkably, the wobbling process generally allows avoiding porosity when combined with an optimized set of welding parameters. Yet, a residual porosity was always detected in lap joints, varying with the size of the fused zone. © 2017 Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.

Welding of automotive aluminum alloys by laser wobbling processing

Rinaldi, A.;Moncada, M.;Cognini, F.;Barbieri, G.
2017

Abstract

The scope of this paper is to examine the improvement from laser welding by an innovative beam wobbling head towards the welding of tailored blanks parts, widely used in automotive to develop different stiffness aluminum components. For this purpose, butt joints and overlapping joints were produced from sheets made out of two industrial grades, i.e. AA-6082 T6 and AA-5754 H111 of different thickness. The technique was evaluated both with and without the use of a filler wire (AA-5556). The qualification of the welding process encompassed Non Destructive Testing (NDT) and mechanical testing. The results indicate that butt joints tend to fail within the base material (BM) of sheet with smaller thickness. On the contrary, the shear tests on lap joints highlighted a rupture mode occurring in the heat affected zone (HAZ) of the thin sheet. Remarkably, the wobbling process generally allows avoiding porosity when combined with an optimized set of welding parameters. Yet, a residual porosity was always detected in lap joints, varying with the size of the fused zone. © 2017 Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland.
9783035711295
Laser Welding;Joining;Aluminum;Tailored welded blank;Wobbling
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/4968
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