Animal diseases and veterinary public-health (VPH) problems constitute a major constraint to livestock production and safe utilization of animal products worldwide. Neem derived compounds (NDCs) can play a role in the field of animal health. One must distinguish between to levels of intervention. On the one hand for developing countries where serious socio-economic consequences, which include production losses, loss of livelihoods, poverty, food insecurity, restriction of marketing opportunities, disincentives to investment and public-health risks are tightly linked to animal diseases and on the other hand organic livestock production and pet animals in the developed world. The most vulnerable groups, in developing countries, for whom animal diseases are particularly devastating, are poor livestock farmers and farming communities where animal diseases pose crucial constraints for the enhancement of livestock-production systems. In developed countries organic livestock production is a means of food production with a large number of rules directed towards a high status of animal welfare, care for the environment, restricted use of medical drugs and the production of a healthy product without residues (pesticides or medical drugs). Furthermore, in high-income countries, a very florid veterinary product market exists for “affection animals” (dogs, cats, horses, birds, etc… etc…). Historically NDCs already have a consolidated use in agriculture both as bio-pesticides as well as natural biocides due to the anti-feedant properties, inhibition of growth and reproductive capacity, observed on about 400 species of harmful insects. At the same time, these substances are highly biodegradable and not harmful to the health of mammals. The use of NDCs in different aspects of animal health such as control of ecto-and endo-parasites (lice, and ticks, gastrointestinal worms) and wound healing will be discussed.

Role of Neem in Animal Health

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2012-11-21

Abstract

Animal diseases and veterinary public-health (VPH) problems constitute a major constraint to livestock production and safe utilization of animal products worldwide. Neem derived compounds (NDCs) can play a role in the field of animal health. One must distinguish between to levels of intervention. On the one hand for developing countries where serious socio-economic consequences, which include production losses, loss of livelihoods, poverty, food insecurity, restriction of marketing opportunities, disincentives to investment and public-health risks are tightly linked to animal diseases and on the other hand organic livestock production and pet animals in the developed world. The most vulnerable groups, in developing countries, for whom animal diseases are particularly devastating, are poor livestock farmers and farming communities where animal diseases pose crucial constraints for the enhancement of livestock-production systems. In developed countries organic livestock production is a means of food production with a large number of rules directed towards a high status of animal welfare, care for the environment, restricted use of medical drugs and the production of a healthy product without residues (pesticides or medical drugs). Furthermore, in high-income countries, a very florid veterinary product market exists for “affection animals” (dogs, cats, horses, birds, etc… etc…). Historically NDCs already have a consolidated use in agriculture both as bio-pesticides as well as natural biocides due to the anti-feedant properties, inhibition of growth and reproductive capacity, observed on about 400 species of harmful insects. At the same time, these substances are highly biodegradable and not harmful to the health of mammals. The use of NDCs in different aspects of animal health such as control of ecto-and endo-parasites (lice, and ticks, gastrointestinal worms) and wound healing will be discussed.
Neem; Azadirachta indica; Animal Health; ecto-parasites; wound healing
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/5597
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