Hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) grown by PECVD has a lower loss tangent (tan δ) among conventional dielectrics (such as SiO2 and SiNx) and hence is considered as the best amorphous dielectric material for superconducting qubit application. The incorporation of PECVD a-Si:H into the Nb technology requires attention due to the possible degradation of the superconductivity of the Nb films. Superconducting transition temperature (Tc) and residual resistivity (ρ0) of 20 nm, 50 nm and 100 nm thick Nb films were measured before and after a-Si:H deposition. The penetration of oxygen and hydrogen inside the Nb films was evaluated from the variation of the lattice parameter obtained by X-ray diffraction. The high process temperature (250°C) and the presence of energetic hydrogen ions during the a-Si:H layer growth caused a decrease of Tcand increase of ρ0 through two physical processes: 1) oxygen diffusion from the surface Nb oxides and 2) hydrogen diffusion inside the Nb films. The degradation of Tc was reduced with the increase of the film thickness. Nitridation of Nb films and deposition of a sputtered thin amorphous silicon layer (a-Si) on the Nb films (in both cases made in situ after the Nb film deposition) were investigated as surface treatments to protect the Nb films during PECVD. It was demonstrated that both methods markedly reduce oxygen and hydrogen diffusion into Nb films during a-Si:H deposition, but the a-Si layer was more effective to protect the Nb films. © 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V. Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of the Guest Editors.

Investigation of the superconducting properties of Nb films covered by PECVD a-Si:H layers for superconducting qubit application.

Mercaldo, L.V.
2012

Abstract

Hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) grown by PECVD has a lower loss tangent (tan δ) among conventional dielectrics (such as SiO2 and SiNx) and hence is considered as the best amorphous dielectric material for superconducting qubit application. The incorporation of PECVD a-Si:H into the Nb technology requires attention due to the possible degradation of the superconductivity of the Nb films. Superconducting transition temperature (Tc) and residual resistivity (ρ0) of 20 nm, 50 nm and 100 nm thick Nb films were measured before and after a-Si:H deposition. The penetration of oxygen and hydrogen inside the Nb films was evaluated from the variation of the lattice parameter obtained by X-ray diffraction. The high process temperature (250°C) and the presence of energetic hydrogen ions during the a-Si:H layer growth caused a decrease of Tcand increase of ρ0 through two physical processes: 1) oxygen diffusion from the surface Nb oxides and 2) hydrogen diffusion inside the Nb films. The degradation of Tc was reduced with the increase of the film thickness. Nitridation of Nb films and deposition of a sputtered thin amorphous silicon layer (a-Si) on the Nb films (in both cases made in situ after the Nb film deposition) were investigated as surface treatments to protect the Nb films during PECVD. It was demonstrated that both methods markedly reduce oxygen and hydrogen diffusion into Nb films during a-Si:H deposition, but the a-Si layer was more effective to protect the Nb films. © 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V. Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of the Guest Editors.
Superconducting qubit;Hydrogenated amorphous silicon;Surface treatments;Superconducting transition temperature;Crystal lattice parameter
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/5723
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