The prospect of exploiting quantum dots (QDs) properties (tunable absorption spectrum, multiple exciton generation) while maintaining the flexible structure of polymer systems opens new possibilities in the photovoltaic field. Although charge transport dynamics in pristine polymer and QDs systems have been quite well established lately, a complete understanding of the charge transfer process between QDs and polymers when they are in blends is still lacking. In this work we used static and ultrafast fluorescence spectroscopy together with Atomic force Microscopy (AFM) to study the exciton dynamics in polymer/QDs films. Specifically we used poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) as the hole conducting donor material and the core shell CdSe(ZnS) QDs as the electron acceptor material. The QDs surface has been treated with two different capping ligands treatments: one based on the use of pyridine and the other one on hexanoic acid. The influence of the two different methods on the exciton dynamics and on the morphology will also be discussed. Blends containing differently treated P3HT/CdSe(ZnS) wt% ratios have been prepared producing films having uniform morphology and good intermixing, as proved by AFM measurements. Ultrafast fluorescence decays allowed us to compare the exciton dynamics in the polymer pristine respect to the treated P3HT/CdSe(ZnS) films. Efficient fluorescence quenching has been shown by both kind of blends respect to the pure polymer. © 2014 The Authors.

Exciton dynamics in hybrid polymer/QD blends

Minarini, C.;Villani, F.;Borriello, C.;Di Luccio, T.;Bruno, A.
2014

Abstract

The prospect of exploiting quantum dots (QDs) properties (tunable absorption spectrum, multiple exciton generation) while maintaining the flexible structure of polymer systems opens new possibilities in the photovoltaic field. Although charge transport dynamics in pristine polymer and QDs systems have been quite well established lately, a complete understanding of the charge transfer process between QDs and polymers when they are in blends is still lacking. In this work we used static and ultrafast fluorescence spectroscopy together with Atomic force Microscopy (AFM) to study the exciton dynamics in polymer/QDs films. Specifically we used poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) as the hole conducting donor material and the core shell CdSe(ZnS) QDs as the electron acceptor material. The QDs surface has been treated with two different capping ligands treatments: one based on the use of pyridine and the other one on hexanoic acid. The influence of the two different methods on the exciton dynamics and on the morphology will also be discussed. Blends containing differently treated P3HT/CdSe(ZnS) wt% ratios have been prepared producing films having uniform morphology and good intermixing, as proved by AFM measurements. Ultrafast fluorescence decays allowed us to compare the exciton dynamics in the polymer pristine respect to the treated P3HT/CdSe(ZnS) films. Efficient fluorescence quenching has been shown by both kind of blends respect to the pure polymer. © 2014 The Authors.
hybrids;Quantum Dots;ultrafast fluorescence;ligand exchange
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/5846
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