Carbon dioxide (CO2) is an interesting substitute of traditional HFCs in vapor compression systems, due to its environmentally friendly characteristics: zero ODP and extremely low GWP. Nevertheless, the use of CO2 heat pumps in residential heating and cooling applications actually is still limited, due to the different operating conditions of gas cooling, they can perform significantly worse than conventional. The use of ejection systems for the fluid expansion in a refrigeration cycle can contribute to recovery part of the mechanical energy otherwise dissipated as friction, leading to significant benefits in terms of performance. The ejector sizing is a critical point for the balancing of components and the correct operation of the CO2 heat pump; in this regard, the availability of reliable methods for calculating the motive flow rate would be useful. In recent years, ENEA Laboratory DTE-PCU-SPCT of the Casaccia research center, along with the Industrial Engineering Department of Federico II University of Naples, carried on a project aimed at evaluating experimentally the effect of several ejectors geometries on the global performance of a CO2 heat pump working with a transcritical cycle. This paper presents a new semi-empirical correlation for the ejector primary mass flow rate calculation, developed by the experimental data, based on the hypothesis of isentropic and choked flow. The correlation is then tested on other experimental data available in the literature for different ejectors. Finally, the predictions are compared to others semi-empirical correlations present in the literature.

A new semi-empirical correlation for driving mass-flow rate calculation through ejectors for CO2 heat pumps. Comparison with predictions of other methods

Boccardi G.;Pieve M.;Trinchieri R.
2020

Abstract

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is an interesting substitute of traditional HFCs in vapor compression systems, due to its environmentally friendly characteristics: zero ODP and extremely low GWP. Nevertheless, the use of CO2 heat pumps in residential heating and cooling applications actually is still limited, due to the different operating conditions of gas cooling, they can perform significantly worse than conventional. The use of ejection systems for the fluid expansion in a refrigeration cycle can contribute to recovery part of the mechanical energy otherwise dissipated as friction, leading to significant benefits in terms of performance. The ejector sizing is a critical point for the balancing of components and the correct operation of the CO2 heat pump; in this regard, the availability of reliable methods for calculating the motive flow rate would be useful. In recent years, ENEA Laboratory DTE-PCU-SPCT of the Casaccia research center, along with the Industrial Engineering Department of Federico II University of Naples, carried on a project aimed at evaluating experimentally the effect of several ejectors geometries on the global performance of a CO2 heat pump working with a transcritical cycle. This paper presents a new semi-empirical correlation for the ejector primary mass flow rate calculation, developed by the experimental data, based on the hypothesis of isentropic and choked flow. The correlation is then tested on other experimental data available in the literature for different ejectors. Finally, the predictions are compared to others semi-empirical correlations present in the literature.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/58868
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