In the context of GEN-IV heavy liquid metal-cooled reactors safety studies, the coolability of the Fuel Assembly in nominal condition is of central interest. The Advanced Lead-cooled Fast Reactor European Demonstrator (ALFRED) is a 300 MWth pool-type reactor aimed at demonstrating the safe deployment of the Generation IV LFR technology. The ALFRED design, currently being developed by the Fostering ALFRED Construction international consortium, is based on prototypical solutions intended to be used in the next generation of lead-cooled Small Modular Reactors. Within the scope of FALCON and in the frame of investigating the thermal-hydraulics of the ALFRED core, a CFD computational model of the general Fuel Assembly (FA) is built looking for the assessment of its thermal field in nominal flow conditions both for the average FA and the hottest one. Starting from the experience in this kind of simulations and in experimental work, the whole model of the ALFRED Fuel Assembly is first presented and calculation of flow and temperature field in nominal conditions is carried out. Results showed that the thermal hydraulic field predicted in the average FA by the code is in good agreement with analytical correlations and the temperature field on the pin clad is acceptable for clad material temperature constraint. About the results on the hot FA test case, the CFD results highlighted a peak temperature on the clad close to the clad temperature constraint. This result led to an upgrade of the mass flow distribution among the FA for achieving a 20% mass flow increase in the hottest one that guarantees higher temperature margin on the clad.

CFD preliminary assessment of the ALFRED FA thermal-hydraulics

Di Piazza I.;Tarantino M.;Grasso G.;
2020

Abstract

In the context of GEN-IV heavy liquid metal-cooled reactors safety studies, the coolability of the Fuel Assembly in nominal condition is of central interest. The Advanced Lead-cooled Fast Reactor European Demonstrator (ALFRED) is a 300 MWth pool-type reactor aimed at demonstrating the safe deployment of the Generation IV LFR technology. The ALFRED design, currently being developed by the Fostering ALFRED Construction international consortium, is based on prototypical solutions intended to be used in the next generation of lead-cooled Small Modular Reactors. Within the scope of FALCON and in the frame of investigating the thermal-hydraulics of the ALFRED core, a CFD computational model of the general Fuel Assembly (FA) is built looking for the assessment of its thermal field in nominal flow conditions both for the average FA and the hottest one. Starting from the experience in this kind of simulations and in experimental work, the whole model of the ALFRED Fuel Assembly is first presented and calculation of flow and temperature field in nominal conditions is carried out. Results showed that the thermal hydraulic field predicted in the average FA by the code is in good agreement with analytical correlations and the temperature field on the pin clad is acceptable for clad material temperature constraint. About the results on the hot FA test case, the CFD results highlighted a peak temperature on the clad close to the clad temperature constraint. This result led to an upgrade of the mass flow distribution among the FA for achieving a 20% mass flow increase in the hottest one that guarantees higher temperature margin on the clad.
978-0-7918-8376-1
ALFRED
CFD
GEN-IV
HLM
Lead
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/59165
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