High temperature plasma in hydrogen isotopes is peculiar of thermonuclear fusion devices. The study of plasma-wall interaction is of paramount importance for avoiding both damage of plasma facing components (PFCs) and pollution of the plasma. To assure continuous and fault-free operation a strict control must be exerted on the amount of impurities deposited on, and of the fuel retained in the PFCs. This requirement makes Laser-Induced-Breakdown-Spectroscopy (LIBS) an ideal candidate for on-line quantitative monitoring of the walls of the current as well as of the next generation fusion devices like the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). An experimental setup has been designed and realized in order to optimize the characteristics of a LIBS system working at low pressure and remotely, and it has been utilized in combination with calibration free procedures for quantitative analysis. In this work, a partial calibration free method has been developed for single shot analysis of hydrogen isotopes retention at the PFCs-like surfaces, based on the acquisition of high resolution spectra in a narrow wavelength range. Results of calibration free and partial calibration free have been obtained on suitably deuterated samples; preliminary spectroscopic considerations on tritium detection are also presented. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Development of Calibration-Free Laser-Induced-Breakdown-Spectroscopy based techniques for deposited layers diagnostics on ITER-like tiles

Colao, F.;Caneve, L.;Almaviva, S.;Fantoni, R.
2013

Abstract

High temperature plasma in hydrogen isotopes is peculiar of thermonuclear fusion devices. The study of plasma-wall interaction is of paramount importance for avoiding both damage of plasma facing components (PFCs) and pollution of the plasma. To assure continuous and fault-free operation a strict control must be exerted on the amount of impurities deposited on, and of the fuel retained in the PFCs. This requirement makes Laser-Induced-Breakdown-Spectroscopy (LIBS) an ideal candidate for on-line quantitative monitoring of the walls of the current as well as of the next generation fusion devices like the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). An experimental setup has been designed and realized in order to optimize the characteristics of a LIBS system working at low pressure and remotely, and it has been utilized in combination with calibration free procedures for quantitative analysis. In this work, a partial calibration free method has been developed for single shot analysis of hydrogen isotopes retention at the PFCs-like surfaces, based on the acquisition of high resolution spectra in a narrow wavelength range. Results of calibration free and partial calibration free have been obtained on suitably deuterated samples; preliminary spectroscopic considerations on tritium detection are also presented. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Deuterated samples;Hydrogen isotopes retention;Plasma facing components;Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy;ITER
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/1012
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