A modified version of the computable general equilibrium GTAP-E model is developed in order to assess the economic and carbon emission effects of alternative trade policy measures aimed at reducing carbon leakage. We compare several unilateral policy measures implemented by countries subject to an emissions level cap. Results provide evidence of the scarce effectiveness of these policies in reducing the carbon leakage rate and, conversely, some of the trade measures that are discussed seem to be more consistent with the goal of protecting market shares of national firms in the domestic markets of abating countries. Assessing environmental and competitiveness outcomes jointly confirms that a global cooperative solution would be the most effective as well as an efficient policy option for reducing carbon leakage. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Assessing alternative solutions to carbon leakage

Tommasino, M.C.
2013

Abstract

A modified version of the computable general equilibrium GTAP-E model is developed in order to assess the economic and carbon emission effects of alternative trade policy measures aimed at reducing carbon leakage. We compare several unilateral policy measures implemented by countries subject to an emissions level cap. Results provide evidence of the scarce effectiveness of these policies in reducing the carbon leakage rate and, conversely, some of the trade measures that are discussed seem to be more consistent with the goal of protecting market shares of national firms in the domestic markets of abating countries. Assessing environmental and competitiveness outcomes jointly confirms that a global cooperative solution would be the most effective as well as an efficient policy option for reducing carbon leakage. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Carbon border tax;Carbon leakage;GTAP-E model
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/1282
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