Iron-chalcogenide superconductors are appealing for high-magnetic-field applications due to their promising superconducting properties, i.e., extremely high upper critical and irreversibility field.In this paper, the first achievements obtained from sintering polycrystalline samples are presented. The sintering of FeSe polycrystalline powders and pellets was obtained in several steps starting from stoichiometric quantities of freshly polished powders shots; after grinding, powders were loaded into cleaned and dried silica tubes sealed under vacuum for subsequent heat treatments in order to obtain the superconducting phase. Samples were then characterized from the structural, transport, and magnetic points of view. From the structural characterization, it has been discovered that, in addition to the presence of the desired tetragonal FeSe phase, hexagonal phase and several impurities are present in the samples; the lack of homogeneity inside the samples is confirmed by the superconductive characterization: despite the small undeniable enhancement of the results with the application of subsequent HTs and, nearby, a resistive superconductive onset of 12 K, the transition is still broad after the third HT. © 2016 IEEE.

Fabrication and Characterization of Sintered Iron-Chalcogenide Superconductors

Mancini, A.;De Marzi, G.;Corato, V.;Fiamozzi Zignani, C.
2016

Abstract

Iron-chalcogenide superconductors are appealing for high-magnetic-field applications due to their promising superconducting properties, i.e., extremely high upper critical and irreversibility field.In this paper, the first achievements obtained from sintering polycrystalline samples are presented. The sintering of FeSe polycrystalline powders and pellets was obtained in several steps starting from stoichiometric quantities of freshly polished powders shots; after grinding, powders were loaded into cleaned and dried silica tubes sealed under vacuum for subsequent heat treatments in order to obtain the superconducting phase. Samples were then characterized from the structural, transport, and magnetic points of view. From the structural characterization, it has been discovered that, in addition to the presence of the desired tetragonal FeSe phase, hexagonal phase and several impurities are present in the samples; the lack of homogeneity inside the samples is confirmed by the superconductive characterization: despite the small undeniable enhancement of the results with the application of subsequent HTs and, nearby, a resistive superconductive onset of 12 K, the transition is still broad after the third HT. © 2016 IEEE.
Superconducting materials;Materials preparation;Superconducting transition temperature
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/1381
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