A new model for calculating nuclear level densities is investigated. The single-nucleon spectra are calculated in a relativistic mean-field model with energy-dependent effective mass, which yields a realistic density of single -particle states at the Fermi energy. These microscopic single-nucleon states are used in a fast combinatorial algorithm for calculating the non-collective excitations of nuclei. The method, when applied to magic and semi-magic nuclei, such as 60Ni, 114Sn and 208Pb, reproduces the cumulative number of experimental states at low excitation energy, as well as the s-wave neutron resonance spacing at the neutron binding energy. Experimental level densities above 10 MeV are reproduced by multiplying the non-collective level densities by a simple vibrational enhancement factor. Problems to be solved in the extension to open-shell nuclei are discussed.

Combinatorial Level Densities from a Relativistic Structure Model

Ventura, A.;
2003

Abstract

A new model for calculating nuclear level densities is investigated. The single-nucleon spectra are calculated in a relativistic mean-field model with energy-dependent effective mass, which yields a realistic density of single -particle states at the Fermi energy. These microscopic single-nucleon states are used in a fast combinatorial algorithm for calculating the non-collective excitations of nuclei. The method, when applied to magic and semi-magic nuclei, such as 60Ni, 114Sn and 208Pb, reproduces the cumulative number of experimental states at low excitation energy, as well as the s-wave neutron resonance spacing at the neutron binding energy. Experimental level densities above 10 MeV are reproduced by multiplying the non-collective level densities by a simple vibrational enhancement factor. Problems to be solved in the extension to open-shell nuclei are discussed.
Applicazioni di fisica e tecnologie nucleari
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/144
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