Sustainability, safety and optimization of gasification systems for hydrogen production are strictly correlated to efficient monitoring devices and chemical gas sensors based on perovskite materials represent a very attractive technology for this purpose. The aim of this work is to evaluate sensing performances of LaFeO3 based materials for the application in integrated gasification-FC systems and their possible enhancements thanks to titanium partial substitution. Two perovskites, LaTi0.4Fe0.6O3 and LaFeO3, were therefore prepared via auto-combustion synthesis and tested in a bench scale reactor for CO, H2 and H2S exposures. Synthesis parameters were properly defined and set to Φ = 0.45, CA/M = 2.5 and pH = 7. Transition of conductive behaviour (from p- to n-type) was observed. Titanium partial substitution provided higher sensitivity to CO at higher temperatures. Sensitivity to H2 was greater for unsubstituted material, but titanium presence assured chemical and thermal stability. During H2S tests, instead, irreversible reaction with materials occurred compromising sensing performances. © 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC

Gas sensors for sustainable and safe integrated gasification-FC system

Zaza, F.
2017

Abstract

Sustainability, safety and optimization of gasification systems for hydrogen production are strictly correlated to efficient monitoring devices and chemical gas sensors based on perovskite materials represent a very attractive technology for this purpose. The aim of this work is to evaluate sensing performances of LaFeO3 based materials for the application in integrated gasification-FC systems and their possible enhancements thanks to titanium partial substitution. Two perovskites, LaTi0.4Fe0.6O3 and LaFeO3, were therefore prepared via auto-combustion synthesis and tested in a bench scale reactor for CO, H2 and H2S exposures. Synthesis parameters were properly defined and set to Φ = 0.45, CA/M = 2.5 and pH = 7. Transition of conductive behaviour (from p- to n-type) was observed. Titanium partial substitution provided higher sensitivity to CO at higher temperatures. Sensitivity to H2 was greater for unsubstituted material, but titanium presence assured chemical and thermal stability. During H2S tests, instead, irreversible reaction with materials occurred compromising sensing performances. © 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC
Biomass to hydrogen;CO;Gas sensors;Perovskite;H2S;H2
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/1462
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