The paper deals with the demonstration of the technical and environmental advantages related to the use of a tannin based coagulant in textile wastewater treatments. The natural coagulant was tested to evaluate its performance in the coagulation/flocculation process, the level of biodegradability in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions and the eco-toxicological risks for aquatic systems. Results were compared with a common inorganic metal based coagulant. The findings at lab scale showed that the natural coagulant is more efficient than the inorganic allowing to achieve same performance with a dosage 36% lower. Moreover, the natural coagulant gave the formed floes a high degree of dewaterability implying less excess sludge volume to be disposed after treatment. Additionally, the natural coagulant showed no toxic effects for the aquatic environment and the sludge biomass activity as well as high degree of biodegradability in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The efficiency ofthe natural coagulant on textile wastewater was further validated at pilot scale where, in optimized conditions, economic savings were achieved, reaching a specific treatment cost of0.18€/m3 of raw wastewater. © 2017, Gh. Asachi Technical University of Iasi. All rights reserved.

Assessment of performance and advantages related to the use of a natural coagulant in the industrial wastewater treatment

Giuliano, A.;Farina, R.;Sabia, G.
2017

Abstract

The paper deals with the demonstration of the technical and environmental advantages related to the use of a tannin based coagulant in textile wastewater treatments. The natural coagulant was tested to evaluate its performance in the coagulation/flocculation process, the level of biodegradability in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions and the eco-toxicological risks for aquatic systems. Results were compared with a common inorganic metal based coagulant. The findings at lab scale showed that the natural coagulant is more efficient than the inorganic allowing to achieve same performance with a dosage 36% lower. Moreover, the natural coagulant gave the formed floes a high degree of dewaterability implying less excess sludge volume to be disposed after treatment. Additionally, the natural coagulant showed no toxic effects for the aquatic environment and the sludge biomass activity as well as high degree of biodegradability in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The efficiency ofthe natural coagulant on textile wastewater was further validated at pilot scale where, in optimized conditions, economic savings were achieved, reaching a specific treatment cost of0.18€/m3 of raw wastewater. © 2017, Gh. Asachi Technical University of Iasi. All rights reserved.
Natural polyelectrolytes;Flocculation;Coagulation;Textile wastewater
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/1552
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