In order to properly respond to an emergency caused by an accident in a nuclear power plant with a spread of radionuclides in the atmosphere, we propose a field procedure to perform a large-scale individual thyroid monitoring of internal contamination due to inhalation of 131I, by means of non-spectrometric equipment, in particular dose rate meters. Specific attention is paid to the individual monitoring of children, because of the very high radiosensitivity of the child's thyroid to the carcinogenic effects of ionising radiation. The device performance was evaluated by measuring mock iodine sources provided in the Child and Adult Thyroid Monitoring After Reactor Accident (CAThyMARA) intercomparison and, just for a scintillator dose rate meter, by means of 60 s acquisitions of healthy volunteers' thyroids. All the devices showed a remarkable accuracy in quantification of equivalent 131I activity in the thyroids of persons of all ages. The selected scintillator dose rate meter showed detection limit values resulting in a maximum committed equivalent dose to thyroid HT, assuming an acute 131I inhalation occurred five days before the measurement, equal to 10 mSv (related to five-year-old children). Considering the level of HT values associated with the calculated detection limit activities, the proposed procedure has a significant sensitivity to be used for fast internally thyroid monitoring in nuclear or radiological emergencies, allowing daily monitoring a large amount of individuals.

Large-scale individual thyroid monitoring following nuclear accidents by means of non-spectrometric devices

Zicari, S.;Sperandio, L.;La Notte, G.;Iurlaro, G.;Giardina, I.;Di Marco, N.;Contessa, G.M.;Bortoluzzi, S.;Battisti, P.;Antonacci, G.;Vilardi, I.
2018

Abstract

In order to properly respond to an emergency caused by an accident in a nuclear power plant with a spread of radionuclides in the atmosphere, we propose a field procedure to perform a large-scale individual thyroid monitoring of internal contamination due to inhalation of 131I, by means of non-spectrometric equipment, in particular dose rate meters. Specific attention is paid to the individual monitoring of children, because of the very high radiosensitivity of the child's thyroid to the carcinogenic effects of ionising radiation. The device performance was evaluated by measuring mock iodine sources provided in the Child and Adult Thyroid Monitoring After Reactor Accident (CAThyMARA) intercomparison and, just for a scintillator dose rate meter, by means of 60 s acquisitions of healthy volunteers' thyroids. All the devices showed a remarkable accuracy in quantification of equivalent 131I activity in the thyroids of persons of all ages. The selected scintillator dose rate meter showed detection limit values resulting in a maximum committed equivalent dose to thyroid HT, assuming an acute 131I inhalation occurred five days before the measurement, equal to 10 mSv (related to five-year-old children). Considering the level of HT values associated with the calculated detection limit activities, the proposed procedure has a significant sensitivity to be used for fast internally thyroid monitoring in nuclear or radiological emergencies, allowing daily monitoring a large amount of individuals.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/1995
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