Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, claiming over seven million lives each year. Permanent metal stents, the current standard of care for CHD, inhibit arterial vasomotion and induce serious complications such as late stent thrombosis. Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVSs) made from poly L-lactide (PLLA) overcome these complications by supporting the occluded artery for 3-6 months and then being completely resorbed in 2-3 years, leaving behind a healthy artery. The BVS that recently received clinical approval is, however, relatively thick (~150 μm, approximately twice as thick as metal stents ~80 μm). Thinner scaffolds would facilitate implantation and enable treatment of smaller arteries. The key to a thinner scaffold is careful control of the PLLA microstructure during processing to confer greater strength in a thinner profile. However, the rapid time scales of processing (~1 s) defy prediction due to a lack of structural information. Here, we present a custom-designed instrument that connects the strain-field imposed on PLLA during processing to in situ development of microstructure observed using synchrotron X-ray scattering. The connection between deformation, structure and strength enables processing-structure-property relationships to guide the design of thinner yet stronger BVSs. © 2018 by the authors.

Tube expansion deformation enables in situ synchrotron X-ray scattering measurements during extensional flow-induced crystallization of Poly L-lactide near the glass transition

Di Luccio, T.;Pandolfi, G.;De Filippo, G.;Miscioscia, R.
2018

Abstract

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, claiming over seven million lives each year. Permanent metal stents, the current standard of care for CHD, inhibit arterial vasomotion and induce serious complications such as late stent thrombosis. Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVSs) made from poly L-lactide (PLLA) overcome these complications by supporting the occluded artery for 3-6 months and then being completely resorbed in 2-3 years, leaving behind a healthy artery. The BVS that recently received clinical approval is, however, relatively thick (~150 μm, approximately twice as thick as metal stents ~80 μm). Thinner scaffolds would facilitate implantation and enable treatment of smaller arteries. The key to a thinner scaffold is careful control of the PLLA microstructure during processing to confer greater strength in a thinner profile. However, the rapid time scales of processing (~1 s) defy prediction due to a lack of structural information. Here, we present a custom-designed instrument that connects the strain-field imposed on PLLA during processing to in situ development of microstructure observed using synchrotron X-ray scattering. The connection between deformation, structure and strength enables processing-structure-property relationships to guide the design of thinner yet stronger BVSs. © 2018 by the authors.
PLLA;Biaxial elongation;Bioresorbable vascular scaffolds;SAXS;Stretch blow molding;WAXS
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/2020
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
social impact