Coal gasification and combustion are strongly dependent on devolatilization step. Aim of this work is to obtain the parameters of global kinetics of devolatilization of a sub-bituminous coal with high sulfur content. The kinetic parameters are obtained by means of TG experimental data, and applying different approaches to extrapolate the data to industrial relevant conditions. The simpler method is a model-free one which supposes a single step process whose Arrhenius kinetic parameters (A and E a) have to be determined. Another common approach is the distributed activation energy model (DAEM) which assumes a series of first order parallel reactions occurring and sharing the same pre-exponential factor, A, with a continuous distribution of the activation energy. For the fitting of the experimental data, a numerical solution to DAEM and two approximate methods have been evaluated. Moreover, the results of these kinetic methods based on empirical approaches were compared with simulated data obtained using a more complex model based on percolation theory with cross-linking mechanism and vapor-liquid equilibrium (chemical percolation devolatilization, CPD model), which allows to simulate the coal pyrolysis from volatile yield data. © 2014 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.

Comparison of global models of sub-bituminous coal devolatilization by means of thermogravimetric analysis

Stendardo, S.
2014

Abstract

Coal gasification and combustion are strongly dependent on devolatilization step. Aim of this work is to obtain the parameters of global kinetics of devolatilization of a sub-bituminous coal with high sulfur content. The kinetic parameters are obtained by means of TG experimental data, and applying different approaches to extrapolate the data to industrial relevant conditions. The simpler method is a model-free one which supposes a single step process whose Arrhenius kinetic parameters (A and E a) have to be determined. Another common approach is the distributed activation energy model (DAEM) which assumes a series of first order parallel reactions occurring and sharing the same pre-exponential factor, A, with a continuous distribution of the activation energy. For the fitting of the experimental data, a numerical solution to DAEM and two approximate methods have been evaluated. Moreover, the results of these kinetic methods based on empirical approaches were compared with simulated data obtained using a more complex model based on percolation theory with cross-linking mechanism and vapor-liquid equilibrium (chemical percolation devolatilization, CPD model), which allows to simulate the coal pyrolysis from volatile yield data. © 2014 Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary.
Sulcis coal;Devolatilization kinetics;Sub-bituminous coal pyrolysis;Modeling;Thermogravimetry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/2084
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