Self-fermentation of cellulosic substrates to produce biohydrogen without inoculum addition nor pretreatments was investigated. Dark fermentation of two different substrates made of leaf-shaped vegetable refuses (V) and leaf-shaped vegetable refuses plus potato peels (VP), was taken in consideration. Batch experiments were carried out, under two mesophilic anaerobic conditions (28 and 37°C), in order to isolate and to identify potential H2-producing bacterial strains contained in the vegetable extracts. The effect of initial glucose concentration (at 1, 5 and 10g/L) on fermentative H2 production by the isolates was also evaluated.H2 production from self-fermentation of both biomasses was found to be feasible, without methane evolution, showing the highest yield for V biomass at 28°C (24L/kgVS). The pH control of the culture medium proved to be a critical parameter. The isolates had sequence similarities ≥98% with already known strains, belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae (γ-proteobacteria) and Streptococcaceae (Firmicutes). Four genera found in the samples, namely Pectobacterium, Raoultella, Rahnella and Lactococcus have not been previously described for H2 production from glucose. The isolates showed higher yield (1.6-2.2molH2/molglucoseadded) at low glucose concentration (1g/L), while the maximum H2 production ranged from 410 to 1016mL/L and was obtained at a substrate concentration of 10g/L. The results suggested that vegetable waste can be effectively used as both, substrate and source of suitable microflora for bio-hydrogen production. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Vegetable waste as substrate and source of suitable microflora for bio-hydrogen production

Signorini, A.;Rosa, S.;Massini, G.;
2014

Abstract

Self-fermentation of cellulosic substrates to produce biohydrogen without inoculum addition nor pretreatments was investigated. Dark fermentation of two different substrates made of leaf-shaped vegetable refuses (V) and leaf-shaped vegetable refuses plus potato peels (VP), was taken in consideration. Batch experiments were carried out, under two mesophilic anaerobic conditions (28 and 37°C), in order to isolate and to identify potential H2-producing bacterial strains contained in the vegetable extracts. The effect of initial glucose concentration (at 1, 5 and 10g/L) on fermentative H2 production by the isolates was also evaluated.H2 production from self-fermentation of both biomasses was found to be feasible, without methane evolution, showing the highest yield for V biomass at 28°C (24L/kgVS). The pH control of the culture medium proved to be a critical parameter. The isolates had sequence similarities ≥98% with already known strains, belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae (γ-proteobacteria) and Streptococcaceae (Firmicutes). Four genera found in the samples, namely Pectobacterium, Raoultella, Rahnella and Lactococcus have not been previously described for H2 production from glucose. The isolates showed higher yield (1.6-2.2molH2/molglucoseadded) at low glucose concentration (1g/L), while the maximum H2 production ranged from 410 to 1016mL/L and was obtained at a substrate concentration of 10g/L. The results suggested that vegetable waste can be effectively used as both, substrate and source of suitable microflora for bio-hydrogen production. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Facultative anaerobes;Bio-hydrogen production;Self-fermentation;H2 producing bacteria;Vegetable waste
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/2756
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