This paper focuses on the issues of obtaining and maintaining the absolute calibration of neutron measurements in fusion reactors, including also ITER and DEMO. Such absolute calibration is required to provide the fusion power, to account for burnt Tritium, and to derive plasma ion parameters. The usual calibrating procedure adopted so far in fusion devices appears to be very complex already when applied in ITER, and most probably unviable in DEMO and in the future power plants. An alternative solution based on the neutron activation technique using long-lived radioisotopes is proposed in this paper. Potential reactions are investigated and the expected activity levels are calculated for several materials in ITER. A test in JET is proposed. © 2016 EURATOM.

On the absolute calibration of neutron measurements in fusion reactors

Batistoni, P.
2016

Abstract

This paper focuses on the issues of obtaining and maintaining the absolute calibration of neutron measurements in fusion reactors, including also ITER and DEMO. Such absolute calibration is required to provide the fusion power, to account for burnt Tritium, and to derive plasma ion parameters. The usual calibrating procedure adopted so far in fusion devices appears to be very complex already when applied in ITER, and most probably unviable in DEMO and in the future power plants. An alternative solution based on the neutron activation technique using long-lived radioisotopes is proposed in this paper. Potential reactions are investigated and the expected activity levels are calculated for several materials in ITER. A test in JET is proposed. © 2016 EURATOM.
Neutron measurements;Fusion reactor;Fusion power;Absolute calibration
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/2941
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