At the ENEA Radiation Protection Institute in Bologna a thermal neutron irradiation facility is available for the calibration of neutron dosemeters. It consists of a 1 m x 1 m x 1 in polyethylene cube containing three 241 Am-Be sources of about 185 GBq. The cube contains three co-axial cylindrical calibration cavities of different dimension. Due to their limited dimensions, the cavities do not allow the calibration of thermal neutron personal dosemeters in terms of Personal Dose Equivalent Hp(d), that should be carried out on the.30 cm x 30 cm x 15 cm ISO phantom. The study herewith presented was addressed at adapting the facility for external irradiation of personal dosemeters on the ISO phantom. Extensive Monte Carlo studies were carried out to characterise the neutron fluence spatial distribution along the front face of the phantom. A satisfying neutron field homogeneity within the measurement area has been obtained by means of a pyramidal polyethylene fluence flattening filter and the selection of the proper cube to phantom distance. This new irradiation set-up was experimentally tested through measurements with activation foils, according to the spatial mapping array taken from the calculations.
|Titolo:||Developing a thermal neutron irradiation system for the calibration of personal dosemeters in terms of Hp(10)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-gen-2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|