Knowledge of the ion motion in room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) is critical for their applications in a number of fields, from lithium batteries to dye-sensitized solar cells. Experiments on a limited number of RTILs have shown that on macroscopic time scales the ions typically undergo conventional, Gaussian diffusion. On shorter time scales, however, non-Gaussian behavior has been observed, similar to supercooled fluids, concentrated colloidal suspensions, and more complex systems. Here we characterize the diffusive motion of ionic liquids based on the N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium (PYR14) cation and bis(trifluoro methanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI) or bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (FSI) anions. A combination of pulsed gradient spin-echo (PGSE) NMR experiments and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations demonstrates a crossover from subdiffusive behavior to conventional Gaussian diffusion at ∼10 ns. The deconvolution of molecular displacements into a continuous spectrum of diffusivities shows that the short-time behavior is related to the effects of molecular caging. For PYR14FSI, we identify the change of short-range ion-counterion associations as one possible mechanism triggering long-range displacements. © 2017 American Chemical Society.

From Nanoscale to Microscale: Crossover in the Diffusion Dynamics within Two Pyrrolidinium-Based Ionic Liquids

Appetecchi, G.B.
2017

Abstract

Knowledge of the ion motion in room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) is critical for their applications in a number of fields, from lithium batteries to dye-sensitized solar cells. Experiments on a limited number of RTILs have shown that on macroscopic time scales the ions typically undergo conventional, Gaussian diffusion. On shorter time scales, however, non-Gaussian behavior has been observed, similar to supercooled fluids, concentrated colloidal suspensions, and more complex systems. Here we characterize the diffusive motion of ionic liquids based on the N-butyl-N-methylpyrrolidinium (PYR14) cation and bis(trifluoro methanesulfonyl)imide (TFSI) or bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (FSI) anions. A combination of pulsed gradient spin-echo (PGSE) NMR experiments and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations demonstrates a crossover from subdiffusive behavior to conventional Gaussian diffusion at ∼10 ns. The deconvolution of molecular displacements into a continuous spectrum of diffusivities shows that the short-time behavior is related to the effects of molecular caging. For PYR14FSI, we identify the change of short-range ion-counterion associations as one possible mechanism triggering long-range displacements. © 2017 American Chemical Society.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/3128
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