A tangential X-ray pinhole camera based on a gas electron multiplier (GEM) detector was installed on KSTAR to study high temperature plasmas emitting X-ray photons in the energy band of 4–15 keV. The camera system consists of a triple-GEM gas chamber with a readout printed circuit board and a pinhole to image the plasma in two dimensions (2-D). The advantages of this tangential camera system include its compactness, high efficiency, energy discrimination in bands, and selectivity of the photon energy range etc. This camera system allows a selection of the viewing area through a remote control of the entire setup. The Philips-Tikhonov algorithm for tangential reconstruction was used to visualize the poloidal cross-sectional images. Phantom tests were performed with synthetic D-shaped plasma images and a comparison with the magnetic equilibrium flux surfaces from the real-time EFIT code obtaining a good agreement between each other. The 2-D X-ray images of the KSTAR plasma were successfully acquired during sawtooth crash, electron cyclotron heating, vertical displacement event, and emissivity from the injected trace Ar impurity. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

Tomographic 2-D X-ray imaging of toroidal fusion plasma using a tangential pinhole camera with gas electron multiplier detector

Claps, G.;Pacella, D.
2016

Abstract

A tangential X-ray pinhole camera based on a gas electron multiplier (GEM) detector was installed on KSTAR to study high temperature plasmas emitting X-ray photons in the energy band of 4–15 keV. The camera system consists of a triple-GEM gas chamber with a readout printed circuit board and a pinhole to image the plasma in two dimensions (2-D). The advantages of this tangential camera system include its compactness, high efficiency, energy discrimination in bands, and selectivity of the photon energy range etc. This camera system allows a selection of the viewing area through a remote control of the entire setup. The Philips-Tikhonov algorithm for tangential reconstruction was used to visualize the poloidal cross-sectional images. Phantom tests were performed with synthetic D-shaped plasma images and a comparison with the magnetic equilibrium flux surfaces from the real-time EFIT code obtaining a good agreement between each other. The 2-D X-ray images of the KSTAR plasma were successfully acquired during sawtooth crash, electron cyclotron heating, vertical displacement event, and emissivity from the injected trace Ar impurity. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
Plasma;Tokamak;GEM;Reconstruction;Imaging
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/3240
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