Magnesium hydride is a very promising material for solid-state hydrogen storage. However, some drawbacks have to be overcome to use it in real applications. The use of catalysts is a viable solution to lower the desorption temperature and increase the overall kinetics. An accurate model has been developed to study the mechanism of action of the catalyst and how it interacts with the interface MgH2-Mg, through which H atoms diffuse. The accurate evaluation of the work of adhesion and defect energy formation, versus the distance from the interface are linked to the atomic-scale structural distortion induced by the catalyst. Moreover, molecular dynamics simulations at several temperature provide a clear description of the desorption mechanism and an estimate of the desorption temperature. © 2015 Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC.

The role of nickel catalyst in hydrogen desorption from MgH2: A DFT study

Celino, M.
2015

Abstract

Magnesium hydride is a very promising material for solid-state hydrogen storage. However, some drawbacks have to be overcome to use it in real applications. The use of catalysts is a viable solution to lower the desorption temperature and increase the overall kinetics. An accurate model has been developed to study the mechanism of action of the catalyst and how it interacts with the interface MgH2-Mg, through which H atoms diffuse. The accurate evaluation of the work of adhesion and defect energy formation, versus the distance from the interface are linked to the atomic-scale structural distortion induced by the catalyst. Moreover, molecular dynamics simulations at several temperature provide a clear description of the desorption mechanism and an estimate of the desorption temperature. © 2015 Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC.
Interfaces;Hydrogen storage;Ab-initio calculations;Hydrogen desorption
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/3301
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