Here we investigate the properties of amorphous TiH2/carbon nanocomposites as possible active material in lithium cells. Several TiH2/C mixtures are prepared by a mechanochemical route, by varying the carbon/hydride ratio. Materials are tested in electrochemical cells versus lithium metal in EC:DMC LiPF6 electrolyte by galvanostatic cycling (GC) and are characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetry and mass spectrometry. Thermal dehydrogenation processes are altered by the mechanochemical treatment of the sample: milling decreases the hydrogen content of the hydride. On the other hand, the mechanochemical grinding increases the specific capacity delivered during the first GC discharge. We suggest that the electrochemical process is the result of a delicate balance between the absolute quantity of hydrogen and its availability for the hydride conversion reaction. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

H2 thermal desorption and hydride conversion reactions in Li cells of TiH2/C amorphous nanocomposites

Reale, P.
2015

Abstract

Here we investigate the properties of amorphous TiH2/carbon nanocomposites as possible active material in lithium cells. Several TiH2/C mixtures are prepared by a mechanochemical route, by varying the carbon/hydride ratio. Materials are tested in electrochemical cells versus lithium metal in EC:DMC LiPF6 electrolyte by galvanostatic cycling (GC) and are characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetry and mass spectrometry. Thermal dehydrogenation processes are altered by the mechanochemical treatment of the sample: milling decreases the hydrogen content of the hydride. On the other hand, the mechanochemical grinding increases the specific capacity delivered during the first GC discharge. We suggest that the electrochemical process is the result of a delicate balance between the absolute quantity of hydrogen and its availability for the hydride conversion reaction. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Mechanochemical processing;Enthalpy;Hydrogen absorbing materials;Thermodynamic properties;Crystal structure;Transmission electron microscopy
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/3313
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
social impact