The strategic value of noble gas capability has been recently recognized by ENEA for the acquisition of data about anthropogenic activities. Within the framework of institutional agreements, a laboratory for measurement of radioactive noble gases is under construction for environmental analysis and for monitoring studies in connection with issues related to the nuclear fuel cycle to distinguish the anthropogenic contributions to the environment. This research is intended to contribute also to the international effort to support the comprehensive nucleartest- ban treaty verification capability. The present work summarizes the status of implementation of the noble gas laboratory at the ENEA Brasimone research centre that is located in the north-centre part of Italy by the Brasimone lake at about 850 m altitude. The radionuclides of interest are the following four xenon radioisotopes: 131mXe, 133mXe, 133Xe and 135Xe. The noble gas system under development at ENEA has three separate components: air collection (sampling and adsorption), processing (gas extraction and purification) and measurement (gamma-ray spectrometry analysis). The separation of the sampling equipment from the analysis is seen as necessary for the effectiveness of extensive sampling campaigns, as required in monitoring programs. Refurbishment is currently under way to accommodate a more sensitive acquisition system. © Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, Hungary 2012.
|Titolo:||The ENEA noble gas laboratory: Status of implementation|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|