This paper describes laboratory experiments aimed to develop a new wastewater treatment system as an alternative to a conventional domestic wastewater plant. A modified Biofilm Airlift Suspension reactor (BAS), with biomass attached to tubular supports, is proposed to address low organic loads (typical of domestic sewage) and low residence time (typical of compact reactors technology). Attached and suspended biomasses, coupled to the high dissolved oxygen (DO), allow high removal efficiencies (90% and 56% for COD and N–NH4+ removal respectively) and high effluent quality to be reached. The experimental activity, divided into three parts, demonstrates the good efficiency of the process, and the reduction of the removal kinetics for the high operating pressure used in the technology. The occurrence of simultaneous nitrification–denitrification (SND) was also observed. When compared with the conventional BAS system, the present treatment shows comparable removal efficiencies and higher specific removal rates (80 mg COD/g VSS and 2.60 mg N–NH4+/g VSS). The experimental results were coupled with the development of a numerical model to aid in designing a full-scale treatment plant in Italy.

An integrated wastewater treatment system using a BAS reactor with biomass attached to tubular supports

Luciano, Antonella
2012

Abstract

This paper describes laboratory experiments aimed to develop a new wastewater treatment system as an alternative to a conventional domestic wastewater plant. A modified Biofilm Airlift Suspension reactor (BAS), with biomass attached to tubular supports, is proposed to address low organic loads (typical of domestic sewage) and low residence time (typical of compact reactors technology). Attached and suspended biomasses, coupled to the high dissolved oxygen (DO), allow high removal efficiencies (90% and 56% for COD and N–NH4+ removal respectively) and high effluent quality to be reached. The experimental activity, divided into three parts, demonstrates the good efficiency of the process, and the reduction of the removal kinetics for the high operating pressure used in the technology. The occurrence of simultaneous nitrification–denitrification (SND) was also observed. When compared with the conventional BAS system, the present treatment shows comparable removal efficiencies and higher specific removal rates (80 mg COD/g VSS and 2.60 mg N–NH4+/g VSS). The experimental results were coupled with the development of a numerical model to aid in designing a full-scale treatment plant in Italy.
Attached biomass;Compact wastewater treatment system;Biofilm Airlift Suspension Reactor;Nitrification;Denitrification
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/454
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