Increased interest in combining drugs with different targets has emerged over recent years. Our study aims at evaluating the effectiveness of combined gemcitabine/paclitaxel treatment taking into consideration doses, schedules, and toxicity. A spontaneous mammary carcinoma was transplanted into the right-hind foot of C3D2F1 mice. Paclitaxel (in doses from 20 to 80 mg/kg b.w.) and gemcitabine (in doses from 30 to 480 mg/kg b.w.) were administered i.p. in single or fractionated treatments. Toxicity and tumor growth delay (TGD) were the endpoints. TGDs for different gemcitabine doses in single administration (120, 240, and 360 mg/kg) overlapped (TGD ≃ 2.5 days). Toxicity was very high in daily administration. Results with gemcitabine alone showed the efficacy of treatments every 3 days. TGDs in fractionated treatments of 60 and 120 mg/kg x 4 were of ≃ 16 days. Also in this case, tumor growth curves overlapped pointing out the uselessness of the high drug doses. For combined treatments, we used only fractionated protocols, administering gemcitabine every 3 days. Paclitaxel was administered alone in one or two fractions and with different sequences in respect to gemcitabine administration. With 120 mg/kg of gemcitabine all the protocols showed an increased unacceptable toxicity. The best result was obtained administering paclitaxel 40 mg/kg on days 1 and 15 and gemcitabine 60 mg/kg on days 3, 6, 9, and 12 (TGD = 38.2 days). The light toxicity and the high efficacy obtained with this protocol indicate the possible use of gemcitabine/paclitaxel treatment in clinical practice.