The novel paradigm of distributed energy production foresees the production of hydrogen from methane and biomasses in small plants, which may take advantage from membrane-based processes. By means of a modeling approach, this paper compares the energy efficiency of two membrane-based processes to produce H2 from methane steam reforming. The two-step process (TS) envisages a high temperature classical reactor and a following WGS stage in a membrane reactor, while the alternative process uses a simple packed-bed membrane reactor (MR). Both processes show a general increase of H2 production and energy efficiency with the pressure and a maximum energy efficiency for S/C of 4, while the increase of the space velocity reduces the performances of the MR. The results show that the TS process performs better than the studied MR and that the maximum energy efficiency of both processes is between 30 and 40%. A comparison with the literature shows that the TS process may achieve similar performances respect to an intensified MR. © 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC

On the energy efficiency of hydrogen production processes via steam reforming using membrane reactors

Tosti, S.;Incelli, M.;Santucci, A.
2019

Abstract

The novel paradigm of distributed energy production foresees the production of hydrogen from methane and biomasses in small plants, which may take advantage from membrane-based processes. By means of a modeling approach, this paper compares the energy efficiency of two membrane-based processes to produce H2 from methane steam reforming. The two-step process (TS) envisages a high temperature classical reactor and a following WGS stage in a membrane reactor, while the alternative process uses a simple packed-bed membrane reactor (MR). Both processes show a general increase of H2 production and energy efficiency with the pressure and a maximum energy efficiency for S/C of 4, while the increase of the space velocity reduces the performances of the MR. The results show that the TS process performs better than the studied MR and that the maximum energy efficiency of both processes is between 30 and 40%. A comparison with the literature shows that the TS process may achieve similar performances respect to an intensified MR. © 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC
Energy efficiency;Membrane reactors;Distributed hydrogen production
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/4767
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