Exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MFs) has been associated with an increased risk of neurodegenerative disorders. The underlying mechanisms, however, are still debated. Since epigenetics play a key role in the neurodegenerative process, we investigated whether exposure to ELF-MF (50 Hz, 1 mT) might affect global DNA methylation of SH-SY5Y dopaminergic-like neuroblastoma cells. We assessed the percentage of 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) of three repetitive interspersed sequences (ALU, LINE-1, or SATα), through pyrosequencing analysis. We demonstrated that ELF exposure (up to 72 h) does not induce any change in the methylation pattern of ALU, LINE-1, and SATα in both proliferating and differentiated SH-SY5Y cells. Furthermore, when administered in combination with 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+), a neurotoxin mimicking the Parkinson's Disease (PD) phenotype, ELF-MF exposure does not trigger any modulation in the percentage of 5-mC of the repetitive elements. Our findings demonstrate that exposure to 50-Hz MF does not affect global DNA methylation in proliferating and dopaminergic differentiated SH-SY5Y cells, either under basal culture conditions or under neurotoxic stress. Bioelectromagnetics. 40:33–41, 2019. © 2018 Bioelectromagnetics Society. © 2018 Bioelectromagnetics Society

50-Hz MF does not affect global DNA methylation of SH-SY5Y cells treated with the neurotoxin MPP+

Consales, C.;Marino, C.;Merla, C.;Benassi, B.
2019

Abstract

Exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MFs) has been associated with an increased risk of neurodegenerative disorders. The underlying mechanisms, however, are still debated. Since epigenetics play a key role in the neurodegenerative process, we investigated whether exposure to ELF-MF (50 Hz, 1 mT) might affect global DNA methylation of SH-SY5Y dopaminergic-like neuroblastoma cells. We assessed the percentage of 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) of three repetitive interspersed sequences (ALU, LINE-1, or SATα), through pyrosequencing analysis. We demonstrated that ELF exposure (up to 72 h) does not induce any change in the methylation pattern of ALU, LINE-1, and SATα in both proliferating and differentiated SH-SY5Y cells. Furthermore, when administered in combination with 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+), a neurotoxin mimicking the Parkinson's Disease (PD) phenotype, ELF-MF exposure does not trigger any modulation in the percentage of 5-mC of the repetitive elements. Our findings demonstrate that exposure to 50-Hz MF does not affect global DNA methylation in proliferating and dopaminergic differentiated SH-SY5Y cells, either under basal culture conditions or under neurotoxic stress. Bioelectromagnetics. 40:33–41, 2019. © 2018 Bioelectromagnetics Society. © 2018 Bioelectromagnetics Society
MPP+;DNA methylation;SH-SY5Y;ELF-MFs;epigenetics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/4771
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