Nuclear power to be sustainable requires the fulfilling of peculiar constraints, which include addressing the proliferation risk. One possible route for sustainability is that to adopt a fuel cycle based on thorium. However, comparison with uranium cycle indicates that thorium cycle utilization is premature. Instead, a promising short-term option is the use of inert matrix fuels, possibly containing thoria, in a once-through cycle. Irradiation tests performed in the Halden reactor show encouraging behaviour under irradiation. Furthermore, these fuels are very well suited for a direct disposal in a geological repository.

Thoria and Inert Matrix Fuels for a Sustainable Nuclear Power

2008

Abstract

Nuclear power to be sustainable requires the fulfilling of peculiar constraints, which include addressing the proliferation risk. One possible route for sustainability is that to adopt a fuel cycle based on thorium. However, comparison with uranium cycle indicates that thorium cycle utilization is premature. Instead, a promising short-term option is the use of inert matrix fuels, possibly containing thoria, in a once-through cycle. Irradiation tests performed in the Halden reactor show encouraging behaviour under irradiation. Furthermore, these fuels are very well suited for a direct disposal in a geological repository.
Ciclo del combustibile
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/485
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
social impact