The latest design of the Water Cooled Lithium Lead blanket for the European DEMO reactor is based on a Single Module Segment (SMS) concept for the blanket segments: the removal of the gaps between the modules (present in the former Multi Module structure design), with the consequent reduction of the neutron streaming, improves the tritium production and the shielding capabilities. A nuclear analysis has been carried out with the Monte Carlo N-Particle transport code version 5 (MCNP5) and the Joint Evaluated Fission and Fusion nuclear data libraries version 3.2 (JEFF 3.2). A detailed three-dimensional MCNP DEMO model with the Single Module layout has been generated. Three-dimensional neutron and gamma transport simulations have been carried out in order to assess the tritium production, nuclear power deposition in each subcomponent of the blanket and nuclear heating density, neutron flux, neutron damage (dpa) and Helium production, relevant for the design of the system. The results confirm the fulfilment of tritium self-sufficiency and shielding requirements of DEMO. Furthermore, a parametric analysis has been carried out by varying the thickness of the first wall tungsten layer to evaluate how the blanket performances are influenced by the tungsten layer thickness.

Nuclear analysis of the Single Module Segment WCLL DEMO

Moro F.;Romanelli F.;Villari R.
2019

Abstract

The latest design of the Water Cooled Lithium Lead blanket for the European DEMO reactor is based on a Single Module Segment (SMS) concept for the blanket segments: the removal of the gaps between the modules (present in the former Multi Module structure design), with the consequent reduction of the neutron streaming, improves the tritium production and the shielding capabilities. A nuclear analysis has been carried out with the Monte Carlo N-Particle transport code version 5 (MCNP5) and the Joint Evaluated Fission and Fusion nuclear data libraries version 3.2 (JEFF 3.2). A detailed three-dimensional MCNP DEMO model with the Single Module layout has been generated. Three-dimensional neutron and gamma transport simulations have been carried out in order to assess the tritium production, nuclear power deposition in each subcomponent of the blanket and nuclear heating density, neutron flux, neutron damage (dpa) and Helium production, relevant for the design of the system. The results confirm the fulfilment of tritium self-sufficiency and shielding requirements of DEMO. Furthermore, a parametric analysis has been carried out by varying the thickness of the first wall tungsten layer to evaluate how the blanket performances are influenced by the tungsten layer thickness.
DEMO; MCNP; Neutronics; Nuclear; Shielding; TBR; WCLL
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/51721
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