The Reversed Field Pinch (RFP) configuration looks to be an attractive option for fusion-fission hybrid reactors: the toroidal magnetic systems would be made of copper coils instead of more expensive superconductive magnets; fusion conditions could be reached by ohmic heating only, therefore additional heating systems would not be required; the fission blanket could be located in the most external part of the torus thus facilitating maintenance operations. The paper aims at assessing the potentialities, such as fuel fertilization and/or nuclear waste transmutation and electricity production of a hybrid reactor with a RFP fusion core (R = 6 m, a = 1) whose conceptual design and plasma performances are based on RFX-mod, the largest RFP experiment currently in operation. Fusion conditions can be reached by heating a D-T plasma up to 9.6 keV by ohmic heating, generated by a 20 MA plasma current induced and sustained by flux swing only. The neutron flux (2.1 × 1013 fast neutron/cm2/s) is used to breed tritium in both the inner and outer blanket sections and induce fission reactions in dedicated areas in the external blanket section where Pu + MA (60%)-Zr (40%) rods are located. Both neutronic and safety analyses corroborate the viability of a FFH reactor with a RFP core.

RFP based Fusion-Fission Hybrid reactor model for nuclear applications

Panza F.;
2019

Abstract

The Reversed Field Pinch (RFP) configuration looks to be an attractive option for fusion-fission hybrid reactors: the toroidal magnetic systems would be made of copper coils instead of more expensive superconductive magnets; fusion conditions could be reached by ohmic heating only, therefore additional heating systems would not be required; the fission blanket could be located in the most external part of the torus thus facilitating maintenance operations. The paper aims at assessing the potentialities, such as fuel fertilization and/or nuclear waste transmutation and electricity production of a hybrid reactor with a RFP fusion core (R = 6 m, a = 1) whose conceptual design and plasma performances are based on RFX-mod, the largest RFP experiment currently in operation. Fusion conditions can be reached by heating a D-T plasma up to 9.6 keV by ohmic heating, generated by a 20 MA plasma current induced and sustained by flux swing only. The neutron flux (2.1 × 1013 fast neutron/cm2/s) is used to breed tritium in both the inner and outer blanket sections and induce fission reactions in dedicated areas in the external blanket section where Pu + MA (60%)-Zr (40%) rods are located. Both neutronic and safety analyses corroborate the viability of a FFH reactor with a RFP core.
Breeding blanket; Fusion-fission hybrid reactor; Nuclear fuel cladding; RFP
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/52017
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