In future fusion power plants, such as DEMO, the D-T neutron emission rate is predicted to exceed 1 × 1021 n s−1. Accurately monitoring neutron energies and intensities will be the primary method for estimating fusion power, and calculating key nuclear parameters, including the tritium breeding ratio and nuclear heating. The noVel nEutRon Detector for fusIon (VERDI) project, implemented under the EUROFusion Enabling Research 2017 program, aims to develop a detector capable of withstanding the harsh environment of a future fusion power plant. The VERDI detector is based on the foil activation technique, which relies on neutron spectrum unfolding methods to process the convolution of gamma-ray measurement and detector response function to infer the neutron energy spectrum. This paper details the experimental method and results collected using six prototype VERDI detectors during an initial experiment performed in July 2017 at the ENEA Frascati Neutron Generator (FNG) under D-T neutrons (14 MeV). The measured activities of product isotopes are compared with equivalent data calculated using the FISPACT-II code to provide an average C/Eact agreement of 1.05±0.13. Experimental results from the FNG have been applied to neutron spectrum unfolding techniques using established unfolding codes, MAXED and GRAVEL.

Neutron spectrum unfolding for the development of a novel neutron detector for fusion

Batistoni P.;Loreti S.;Pillon M.;
2019

Abstract

In future fusion power plants, such as DEMO, the D-T neutron emission rate is predicted to exceed 1 × 1021 n s−1. Accurately monitoring neutron energies and intensities will be the primary method for estimating fusion power, and calculating key nuclear parameters, including the tritium breeding ratio and nuclear heating. The noVel nEutRon Detector for fusIon (VERDI) project, implemented under the EUROFusion Enabling Research 2017 program, aims to develop a detector capable of withstanding the harsh environment of a future fusion power plant. The VERDI detector is based on the foil activation technique, which relies on neutron spectrum unfolding methods to process the convolution of gamma-ray measurement and detector response function to infer the neutron energy spectrum. This paper details the experimental method and results collected using six prototype VERDI detectors during an initial experiment performed in July 2017 at the ENEA Frascati Neutron Generator (FNG) under D-T neutrons (14 MeV). The measured activities of product isotopes are compared with equivalent data calculated using the FISPACT-II code to provide an average C/Eact agreement of 1.05±0.13. Experimental results from the FNG have been applied to neutron spectrum unfolding techniques using established unfolding codes, MAXED and GRAVEL.
FNG; Neutron activation; Neutron detector; Neutronics; Unfolding
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/52037
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