Graphene has recently emerged as a promising candidate for a wide range of photonic and optoelectronic applications, with a high application potential in devices using infrared radiation. The optical absorption of 2D materials and graphene can be uniquely enhanced when they are embedded in optical resonant cavities, since optically-thin atomic-thickness absorbers do not perturb the cavity itself. Despite the many theoretical studies, experimental validation is still lagging behind. Here, large near infrared (NIR) absorption of unpatterned chemical vapor deposition graphene is experimentally demonstrated for the first time in a large area (1 inch) passive optical device by exploiting the enhancement of the electric field at the center of a Fabry-Perot cavity. Test devices were fabricated with single layer, double layer and five layers graphene, sandwiched between two almost symmetric Bragg mirrors deposited by radio frequency sputtering and consisting of alternate layers of Si and SiO2. A thin evaporated MgF2 overlayer was used to reduce sputtering induced damage on graphene layers. Measured absorption values, in the range of 37%-45%, were found in very good accordance with simulated ones. A maximum absorption of 45% was measured at 2345 nm for the double-layer graphene.

Experimental near infrared absorption enhancement of graphene layers in an optical resonant cavity

Lisi N.;Piegari A.;Lancellotti L.;Grilli M. L.
2019

Abstract

Graphene has recently emerged as a promising candidate for a wide range of photonic and optoelectronic applications, with a high application potential in devices using infrared radiation. The optical absorption of 2D materials and graphene can be uniquely enhanced when they are embedded in optical resonant cavities, since optically-thin atomic-thickness absorbers do not perturb the cavity itself. Despite the many theoretical studies, experimental validation is still lagging behind. Here, large near infrared (NIR) absorption of unpatterned chemical vapor deposition graphene is experimentally demonstrated for the first time in a large area (1 inch) passive optical device by exploiting the enhancement of the electric field at the center of a Fabry-Perot cavity. Test devices were fabricated with single layer, double layer and five layers graphene, sandwiched between two almost symmetric Bragg mirrors deposited by radio frequency sputtering and consisting of alternate layers of Si and SiO2. A thin evaporated MgF2 overlayer was used to reduce sputtering induced damage on graphene layers. Measured absorption values, in the range of 37%-45%, were found in very good accordance with simulated ones. A maximum absorption of 45% was measured at 2345 nm for the double-layer graphene.
2D photonics; Fabry-Perot filters; grapheme; optical absorption; optical devices
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/52141
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