Understanding spatial and temporal dynamics of non-algal particles in open ocean is of the utmost importance to improve estimations of carbon export and sequestration. These particles covary with phytoplankton abundance but also accumulate independently of algal dynamics. The latter likely represents an important fraction of organic carbon, but it is largely overlooked. A possible way to study these particles is via their optical backscattering properties (bbp) and relationship with chlorophyll-a (Chl). To this aim, we estimate the fraction of bbp associated with the non-algal particle portion ((Formula presented.)) that does not covary with Chl by using a global Biogeochemical-Argo data set. We quantify the spatial, temporal, and vertical variability of (Formula presented.). In the northern productive areas, (Formula presented.) is a small fraction of bbp and shows a clear seasonal cycle. In the Southern Ocean, bkbp is a major fraction of total bbp. In oligotrophic areas, (Formula presented.) has a smooth annual cycle.

Global Variability of Optical Backscattering by Non-algal particles From a Biogeochemical-Argo Data Set

Marullo S.;
2019

Abstract

Understanding spatial and temporal dynamics of non-algal particles in open ocean is of the utmost importance to improve estimations of carbon export and sequestration. These particles covary with phytoplankton abundance but also accumulate independently of algal dynamics. The latter likely represents an important fraction of organic carbon, but it is largely overlooked. A possible way to study these particles is via their optical backscattering properties (bbp) and relationship with chlorophyll-a (Chl). To this aim, we estimate the fraction of bbp associated with the non-algal particle portion ((Formula presented.)) that does not covary with Chl by using a global Biogeochemical-Argo data set. We quantify the spatial, temporal, and vertical variability of (Formula presented.). In the northern productive areas, (Formula presented.) is a small fraction of bbp and shows a clear seasonal cycle. In the Southern Ocean, bkbp is a major fraction of total bbp. In oligotrophic areas, (Formula presented.) has a smooth annual cycle.
BGC-Argo floats; global ocean; non-algal particles; optical backscattering
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/52159
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