Problems of plasma-facing materials degradation and in-vessel element destructions, tritium accumulation and plasma pollution can be overcome by the use of liquid metals with low atomic number. The best candidate as a material for divertor receiving plates and other in-vessel devices is lithium. One of the problems associated with the use of such lithium systems in the fusion reactors is to determine the parameters of the working gases interaction with plasma facing surfaces under conditions simulating real operation, i.e. under conditions of neutron and gamma radiation. This paper describes a technique of the reactor experiments to study lithium capillary-porous systems (CPS) interaction with deuterium under neutron irradiation. The neutron-physical and thermophysical calculations were the basis for the design development and further manufacture of a unique irradiation ampoule device with a lithium CPS sample. Several experiments were performed to calibrate the deuterium fluxes through experimental cell with lithium CPS; and preliminary results of these experiments were obtained.

Methodology of the experiments to study lithium cps interaction with deuterium under conditions of reactor irradiation

Mazzitelli G.
2019

Abstract

Problems of plasma-facing materials degradation and in-vessel element destructions, tritium accumulation and plasma pollution can be overcome by the use of liquid metals with low atomic number. The best candidate as a material for divertor receiving plates and other in-vessel devices is lithium. One of the problems associated with the use of such lithium systems in the fusion reactors is to determine the parameters of the working gases interaction with plasma facing surfaces under conditions simulating real operation, i.e. under conditions of neutron and gamma radiation. This paper describes a technique of the reactor experiments to study lithium capillary-porous systems (CPS) interaction with deuterium under neutron irradiation. The neutron-physical and thermophysical calculations were the basis for the design development and further manufacture of a unique irradiation ampoule device with a lithium CPS sample. Several experiments were performed to calibrate the deuterium fluxes through experimental cell with lithium CPS; and preliminary results of these experiments were obtained.
Ampoule device; Capillary-porous system; Deuterium; Lithium; Reactor irradiation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/52290
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