The purpose of this paper is to analyse higher toroidal harmonics m = 1 with 7 < n < 23 (secondary modes) in the quasi single helicity, reversed field pinch plasma in the RFX-mod device. The quasi single helicity is an improved confinement state characterized by a dominant mode m/n = 1/7, rotating along the toroidal direction. The spectroscopic measurements in the boundary plasma show footprints of a localized plasma deformation called 'phase locking', which can be described as an interferential pattern of toroidal Fourier harmonics. In the locking region the magnetic field lines are deformed in large poloidal lobes hitting the plasma facing components, a mechanism similar to the 'homoclinic lobes' observed in the Tokamak divertor with RMP application. Correspondingly, the magnetic connection length to the wall presents a strong decrease ('hole') with increased plasma-wall interaction, which fortunately is not stationary, but jumps in the toroidal direction thanks to the effective action of the RFX-mod feedback system. The global plasma wall interaction is the superposition of a rotating helix and of the localized toroidal deformation due to the secondary modes, which mirrors the local emission and particle influx from the wall. The local edge perturbation impacts also on the global plasma performance: a threshold to obtain an electron transport barrier has been identified. An improvement in plasma performance is expected in the upgraded device RFX-mod2, where the magnetic boundary will be modified to decrease the edge field deformation by a factor about 2.

Helical plasma-wall interaction in the RFX-mod: Effects of high-n mode locking

Agostini M.;
2019

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to analyse higher toroidal harmonics m = 1 with 7 < n < 23 (secondary modes) in the quasi single helicity, reversed field pinch plasma in the RFX-mod device. The quasi single helicity is an improved confinement state characterized by a dominant mode m/n = 1/7, rotating along the toroidal direction. The spectroscopic measurements in the boundary plasma show footprints of a localized plasma deformation called 'phase locking', which can be described as an interferential pattern of toroidal Fourier harmonics. In the locking region the magnetic field lines are deformed in large poloidal lobes hitting the plasma facing components, a mechanism similar to the 'homoclinic lobes' observed in the Tokamak divertor with RMP application. Correspondingly, the magnetic connection length to the wall presents a strong decrease ('hole') with increased plasma-wall interaction, which fortunately is not stationary, but jumps in the toroidal direction thanks to the effective action of the RFX-mod feedback system. The global plasma wall interaction is the superposition of a rotating helix and of the localized toroidal deformation due to the secondary modes, which mirrors the local emission and particle influx from the wall. The local edge perturbation impacts also on the global plasma performance: a threshold to obtain an electron transport barrier has been identified. An improvement in plasma performance is expected in the upgraded device RFX-mod2, where the magnetic boundary will be modified to decrease the edge field deformation by a factor about 2.
magnetic perturbations (MP); magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); reversed-field pinch
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/52294
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