The deuteration reaction of a Pd0.772Ag0.228 foil was studied by neutron powder diffraction measurements vs. time in different T and p(D2) conditions (D20 and D2B high-resolution diffractometers at ILL, France). The system has great importance as permeable membrane for hydrogen separation. At p = 1 bar and T < 200 °C Bragg peak splitting indicates the presence of two cubic phases, to be identified with the α and β modifications of palladium hydride. Rietveld refinements provided the corresponding aα and aβ lattice constants, the να and νβ occupancies of D, and the β phase volume fraction vs. time during deuteration progress. A continuous α → β transformation takes place till reaction end. At T = 200 °C or p > 1 bar a single phase was always observed. The phase diagram of Pd0.772Ag0.228Dν is thus shown to present a α+β two-phase domain less extended but similar to that of PdHν, at variance with most thermodynamic measurements suggesting full single-phase behavior. The ν(t) kinetic data of deuteration at 80 °C/1 bar can be interpreted by a mechanism based on a first-order nucleation step followed by a zero-order step of surface adsorption and dissociation of the D2 molecule.

Kinetics of deuteration of the Pd0.772Ag0.228 alloy with α/β phase transition by in-situ neutron diffraction

Pietropaolo A.;Santucci A.;Tosti S.
2019

Abstract

The deuteration reaction of a Pd0.772Ag0.228 foil was studied by neutron powder diffraction measurements vs. time in different T and p(D2) conditions (D20 and D2B high-resolution diffractometers at ILL, France). The system has great importance as permeable membrane for hydrogen separation. At p = 1 bar and T < 200 °C Bragg peak splitting indicates the presence of two cubic phases, to be identified with the α and β modifications of palladium hydride. Rietveld refinements provided the corresponding aα and aβ lattice constants, the να and νβ occupancies of D, and the β phase volume fraction vs. time during deuteration progress. A continuous α → β transformation takes place till reaction end. At T = 200 °C or p > 1 bar a single phase was always observed. The phase diagram of Pd0.772Ag0.228Dν is thus shown to present a α+β two-phase domain less extended but similar to that of PdHν, at variance with most thermodynamic measurements suggesting full single-phase behavior. The ν(t) kinetic data of deuteration at 80 °C/1 bar can be interpreted by a mechanism based on a first-order nucleation step followed by a zero-order step of surface adsorption and dissociation of the D2 molecule.
Hydrogen/deuterium absorption; Kinetic mechanisms; Neutron diffraction; Palladium-silver alloy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/52379
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