A high resolution neutron spectrometer (HRNS) system has been designed as a neutron diagnostic tool for ITER. The HRNS is dedicated to measurements of time resolved neutron energy spectra for both deuterium and deuterium-tritium (DT) plasmas. The main function of the HRNS is to determine the fuel ion ratio n t/n d in the plasma core with 20% uncertainty and a time resolution of 100 ms for a range of ITER operating scenarios from 0.5 MW to 500 MW in fusion power. Moreover, neutron spectroscopy measurements should also be possible in the initial deuterium phase of ITER experiments. A supplementary function of the HRNS is to provide information on the fuel ion temperature. Furthermore, the HRNS can be used as an additional line-of-sight (LOS) for the radial neutron camera. To meet these requirements, a set of four spectrometers positioned after each other along a single LOS has been designed. The detector techniques employed include a thin foil proton recoil spectrometer (TPR), a neutron diamond detector (NDD), a back-scattering time-of-flight system (bToF) and a forward time-of-flight system (fToF). The TPR system, positioned closest to the plasma, provides data at high fusion powers. For plasma conditions producing intermediate fusion power two neutron spectrometers are installed: NDD and bToF. The NDD is installed as the second instrument along the HRNS LOS after the TPR. The fToF spectrometer is dedicated for low tritium densities and pure deuterium operation. The paper summarizes the current state of the art of neutron spectroscopy useful in plasma diagnostics and the possibility of installing a dedicated HRNS for ITER in the designated diagnostic port. We conclude that the proposed HRNS system can fulfil the ITER measurement requirements over a broad range of plasma operational scenarios, including full power DT, start-up, ramp-down and pure D operations.
|Titolo:||Conceptual design of the high resolution neutron spectrometer for ITER|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|