An experimental campaign was performed on a non-uniformly heated 19-pins wire-spaced fuel pin bundle simulator, cooled by Heavy Liquid Metal and installed in the NACIE-UP (NAtural CIrculation Experiment-UPgrade) facility located at the ENEA Brasimone Research Center (Italy). The experimental tests concerned mass flow rate transition of the primary coolant from forced to natural circulation, with fuel pin bundle simulator characterized by non-uniform power distribution. The main objective of the experimental campaign was to perform integral system and local thermal-hydraulic analysis, investigate different flow regimes and the transition from forced to natural circulation flow and, more specifically, analyze the behavior of the 19-pins wire-spaced Fuel Pin Simulator (FPS) during such transient. Indeed, the performed test were characterized by non-uniform heating of the bundle (i.e. just some pins switched on), so the effects of this non-uniformity on the local temperatures and on the overall system behavior was evaluated. A deep investigation on the local temperature distribution was performed thanks to the accurate instrumentation provided in the bundle (67 thermocouples). The obtained experimental data provided useful information for the characterization of the bundle and the computation of the heat transfer coefficient. A post-test validation is made by a detailed CFD model of the test section. Three monitored section at different levels are compared both for wall and bulk temperatures. This post-test comparison with this experimental configuration is unique and represents a further step towards the validation of the CFD models and methods in fuel bundle geometries cooled by HLM.

Experimental tests and post-test analysis of non-uniformly heated 19-pins fuel bundle cooled by Heavy Liquid Metal

Di Piazza I.;Tarantino M.;Martelli D.
2019

Abstract

An experimental campaign was performed on a non-uniformly heated 19-pins wire-spaced fuel pin bundle simulator, cooled by Heavy Liquid Metal and installed in the NACIE-UP (NAtural CIrculation Experiment-UPgrade) facility located at the ENEA Brasimone Research Center (Italy). The experimental tests concerned mass flow rate transition of the primary coolant from forced to natural circulation, with fuel pin bundle simulator characterized by non-uniform power distribution. The main objective of the experimental campaign was to perform integral system and local thermal-hydraulic analysis, investigate different flow regimes and the transition from forced to natural circulation flow and, more specifically, analyze the behavior of the 19-pins wire-spaced Fuel Pin Simulator (FPS) during such transient. Indeed, the performed test were characterized by non-uniform heating of the bundle (i.e. just some pins switched on), so the effects of this non-uniformity on the local temperatures and on the overall system behavior was evaluated. A deep investigation on the local temperature distribution was performed thanks to the accurate instrumentation provided in the bundle (67 thermocouples). The obtained experimental data provided useful information for the characterization of the bundle and the computation of the heat transfer coefficient. A post-test validation is made by a detailed CFD model of the test section. Three monitored section at different levels are compared both for wall and bulk temperatures. This post-test comparison with this experimental configuration is unique and represents a further step towards the validation of the CFD models and methods in fuel bundle geometries cooled by HLM.
CFD; Experimental data; Fuel pin bundle; Heavy Liquid Metals
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/52657
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