We analyze the semiclassical and quantum dynamics of the isotropic universe in the framework of the polymer quantum mechanics in order to implement a cutoff physics on the initial singularity. We first identify in the Universe cubed scale factor (i.e., the spatial volume) the suitable configuration variable, providing a constant critical energy density, such that the bounce arises as intrinsic geometric feature. We then investigate the obtained semiclassical bounce dynamics for the primordial Universe, and we outline its impact on the resolution of cosmological paradoxes, as soon as the semi-classical evolution is extended (in the spirit of the Ehrenfest theorem) to the collapsing prebounce Universe. Finally, we validate the use of the semiclassical effective dynamics by investigating the behaviour of the expectation values of a proper semiclassical states. The present analysis has the merit to enforce the equivalence between the polymer quantization paradigm in the minisuperspace and the loop quantum cosmology approach. In fact, our study allows to define a precise correspondence between the polymer cutoff scale and the discrete geometric structure of LQG.

Semiclassical and quantum analysis of the isotropic Universe in the polymer paradigm

Montani G.;
2019

Abstract

We analyze the semiclassical and quantum dynamics of the isotropic universe in the framework of the polymer quantum mechanics in order to implement a cutoff physics on the initial singularity. We first identify in the Universe cubed scale factor (i.e., the spatial volume) the suitable configuration variable, providing a constant critical energy density, such that the bounce arises as intrinsic geometric feature. We then investigate the obtained semiclassical bounce dynamics for the primordial Universe, and we outline its impact on the resolution of cosmological paradoxes, as soon as the semi-classical evolution is extended (in the spirit of the Ehrenfest theorem) to the collapsing prebounce Universe. Finally, we validate the use of the semiclassical effective dynamics by investigating the behaviour of the expectation values of a proper semiclassical states. The present analysis has the merit to enforce the equivalence between the polymer quantization paradigm in the minisuperspace and the loop quantum cosmology approach. In fact, our study allows to define a precise correspondence between the polymer cutoff scale and the discrete geometric structure of LQG.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/52705
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