Cryptochromes are flavin-containing blue/UVA light photoreceptors that regulate various plant light-induced physiological processes. In Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), cryptochromes mediate de-etiolation, photoperiodic control of flowering, entrainment of the circadian clock, cotyledon opening and expansion, anthocyanin accumulation, and root growth. In tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), cryptochromes are encoded by a multigene family, comprising CRY1a, CRY1b, CRY2, and CRY3. We have previously reported the phenotypes of tomato cry1a mutants and CRY2 overexpressing plants. Here, we report the isolation by targeting induced local lesions in genomes, of a tomato cry2 knock-out mutant, its introgression in the indeterminate Moneymaker background, and the phenotypes of cry1a/cry2 single and double mutants. The cry1a/cry2 mutant showed phenotypes similar to its Arabidopsis counterpart (long hypocotyls in white and blue light), but also several additional features such as increased seed weight and internode length, enhanced hypocotyl length in red light, inhibited primary root growth under different light conditions, anticipation of flowering under long-day conditions, and alteration of the phase of circadian leaf movements. Both cry1a and cry2 control the levels of photosynthetic pigments in leaves, but cry2 has a predominant role in fruit pigmentation. Metabolites of the sterol, tocopherol, quinone, and sugar classes are differentially accumulated in cry1a and cry2 leaves and fruits. These results demonstrate a pivotal role of cryptochromes in controlling tomato development and physiology. The manipulation of these photoreceptors represents a powerful tool to influence important agronomic traits such as flowering time and fruit quality.

Pivotal roles of cryptochromes 1a and 2 in tomato development and physiology

Fantini E.;Sulli M.;Aprea G.;Perrotta G.;Giuliano G.;Facella P.
2019

Abstract

Cryptochromes are flavin-containing blue/UVA light photoreceptors that regulate various plant light-induced physiological processes. In Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), cryptochromes mediate de-etiolation, photoperiodic control of flowering, entrainment of the circadian clock, cotyledon opening and expansion, anthocyanin accumulation, and root growth. In tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), cryptochromes are encoded by a multigene family, comprising CRY1a, CRY1b, CRY2, and CRY3. We have previously reported the phenotypes of tomato cry1a mutants and CRY2 overexpressing plants. Here, we report the isolation by targeting induced local lesions in genomes, of a tomato cry2 knock-out mutant, its introgression in the indeterminate Moneymaker background, and the phenotypes of cry1a/cry2 single and double mutants. The cry1a/cry2 mutant showed phenotypes similar to its Arabidopsis counterpart (long hypocotyls in white and blue light), but also several additional features such as increased seed weight and internode length, enhanced hypocotyl length in red light, inhibited primary root growth under different light conditions, anticipation of flowering under long-day conditions, and alteration of the phase of circadian leaf movements. Both cry1a and cry2 control the levels of photosynthetic pigments in leaves, but cry2 has a predominant role in fruit pigmentation. Metabolites of the sterol, tocopherol, quinone, and sugar classes are differentially accumulated in cry1a and cry2 leaves and fruits. These results demonstrate a pivotal role of cryptochromes in controlling tomato development and physiology. The manipulation of these photoreceptors represents a powerful tool to influence important agronomic traits such as flowering time and fruit quality.
Circadian Rhythm
Cryptochromes
Flowers
Gene Expression Regulation
Plant
Lycopersicon esculentum
Metabolome
Mutation
Seeds
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/52818
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