A major safety issue in the Water-Cooled Lead-Lithium Breeding Blanket (WCLL-BB) system foreseen for fusion reactor is the interaction concerning the primary coolant (water) and the neutron multiplier (PbLi), due to a hypothetical tube rupture in the coolant circuit. This scenario involves an exothermic chemical reaction between PbLi and water with the production of hydrogen, in addition to critical interactions in a complex multiphase system in non-thermal equilibrium. In recent years the PbLi/water reaction was successfully implemented in the SIMMER-III code and validated against data from the LIFUS5/Mod3 experimental campaign. However, due to limitations of SIMMER-III, this work was restricted to the prediction of the phenomena inside the vessel, neglecting the simulation of the injection line. Nevertheless, since the injection line may actually have an important effect on the development of the transient, the simulation of the whole facility would be highly desirable. Indeed, the University of Pisa recently developed a coupling methodology between the SIMMER-III and RELAP5/Mod3.3 codes and applied it to simple single-phase cases. In this paper the complete simulation of the LIFUS5/Mod3 facility is presented, with the injection line modelled through RELAP5. Furthermore, all the complex aspects of the phenomena inside the reaction tank were included: the multiphase system and the interaction between water and PbLi with the chemical reaction and the production of hydrogen were modelled by SIMMER. Preliminary results are presented, showing that the coupling methodology can be effectively employed for the prediction of the chemical and thermal-hydraulic behaviour of complex loop experimental facilities.

RELAP5/SIMMER-III code coupling development for PbLi-water interaction

Eboli M.;Del Nevo A.;
2020

Abstract

A major safety issue in the Water-Cooled Lead-Lithium Breeding Blanket (WCLL-BB) system foreseen for fusion reactor is the interaction concerning the primary coolant (water) and the neutron multiplier (PbLi), due to a hypothetical tube rupture in the coolant circuit. This scenario involves an exothermic chemical reaction between PbLi and water with the production of hydrogen, in addition to critical interactions in a complex multiphase system in non-thermal equilibrium. In recent years the PbLi/water reaction was successfully implemented in the SIMMER-III code and validated against data from the LIFUS5/Mod3 experimental campaign. However, due to limitations of SIMMER-III, this work was restricted to the prediction of the phenomena inside the vessel, neglecting the simulation of the injection line. Nevertheless, since the injection line may actually have an important effect on the development of the transient, the simulation of the whole facility would be highly desirable. Indeed, the University of Pisa recently developed a coupling methodology between the SIMMER-III and RELAP5/Mod3.3 codes and applied it to simple single-phase cases. In this paper the complete simulation of the LIFUS5/Mod3 facility is presented, with the injection line modelled through RELAP5. Furthermore, all the complex aspects of the phenomena inside the reaction tank were included: the multiphase system and the interaction between water and PbLi with the chemical reaction and the production of hydrogen were modelled by SIMMER. Preliminary results are presented, showing that the coupling methodology can be effectively employed for the prediction of the chemical and thermal-hydraulic behaviour of complex loop experimental facilities.
Coupling codes; PbLi; RELAP5 code; SIMMER-III code; WCLL
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/52999
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 8
social impact