Microalgae are a rich source of natural bioactive compounds, e.g. astaxanthin, β-carotene, lutein, and fatty acids (FAs), that are currently in high demand in the market. Conventional extraction methods often produce adverse effects on some of these compounds. Replacing conventional extraction methods with more efficient advanced green technologies that offer greater extracts purity and low environmental impact is therefore a challenging and sought-for target. This review is a comprehensive overview of supercritical fluid (SCF) extraction processes, including the latest research on the extraction of bioactive compounds from microalgae biomass and their benefits on human health. In addition, the role of key operating parameters on the selectivity of various compounds is discussed. This study provides useful knowledge that can productively contribute to the future development of SCF-based extraction technologies on an industrial scale.

Recent developments in supercritical fluid extraction of bioactive compounds from microalgae: Role of key parameters, technological achievements and challenges

Molino A.;Di Sanzo G.;Larocca V.;Martino M.;Balducchi R.;
2020

Abstract

Microalgae are a rich source of natural bioactive compounds, e.g. astaxanthin, β-carotene, lutein, and fatty acids (FAs), that are currently in high demand in the market. Conventional extraction methods often produce adverse effects on some of these compounds. Replacing conventional extraction methods with more efficient advanced green technologies that offer greater extracts purity and low environmental impact is therefore a challenging and sought-for target. This review is a comprehensive overview of supercritical fluid (SCF) extraction processes, including the latest research on the extraction of bioactive compounds from microalgae biomass and their benefits on human health. In addition, the role of key operating parameters on the selectivity of various compounds is discussed. This study provides useful knowledge that can productively contribute to the future development of SCF-based extraction technologies on an industrial scale.
Carotenoids; Fatty acids; Lipids; Microalgae; Pre-treatment; Selectivity; Supercritical-CO; 2; fluid extraction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/53041
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