One of the requirements for achieving high levels of safety in fourth generation nuclear power plants, is that core thermal-hydraulics can be simulated numerically at a good level of accuracy. To this aim, detailed validation of turbulent heat transfer models needs to be carried out and discussed, in relevant flow and heat transfer configurations, and for low Prandtl-number fluids. The focus of this research is the turbulent, fully developed convection in a heated rod bundle with a triangular arrangement, and a pitch-to-diameter ratio P/D=1.4. Statistics derived from a set of Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) at the moderate Reynolds number of Re=8290 are compared to Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) solutions where the closure is provided by the two-equation model SST k-ω and by the Reynolds-Stress Model. Comparisons are drawn for forced flow and in mixed convection conditions (Ri≈0.25). Global quantities extracted from experiments performed in very similar conditions are also compared against the numerical results. Profiles of the turbulent Prandtl number about the unit flow cell are also displayed and discussed. This work clarifies through detailed comparison that if, on the one hand, only the Reynolds-Stress model is able to reasonably capture important flow features like secondary flow components, on the other hand also the SST k-ω two-equation model considered is acceptably accurate in predicting the integral quantities of interest.

Fully developed turbulent convection of Lead Bismuth Eutectic in the elementary cell of the NACIE-UP Fuel Pin Bundle

Di Piazza I.;
2020

Abstract

One of the requirements for achieving high levels of safety in fourth generation nuclear power plants, is that core thermal-hydraulics can be simulated numerically at a good level of accuracy. To this aim, detailed validation of turbulent heat transfer models needs to be carried out and discussed, in relevant flow and heat transfer configurations, and for low Prandtl-number fluids. The focus of this research is the turbulent, fully developed convection in a heated rod bundle with a triangular arrangement, and a pitch-to-diameter ratio P/D=1.4. Statistics derived from a set of Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) at the moderate Reynolds number of Re=8290 are compared to Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) solutions where the closure is provided by the two-equation model SST k-ω and by the Reynolds-Stress Model. Comparisons are drawn for forced flow and in mixed convection conditions (Ri≈0.25). Global quantities extracted from experiments performed in very similar conditions are also compared against the numerical results. Profiles of the turbulent Prandtl number about the unit flow cell are also displayed and discussed. This work clarifies through detailed comparison that if, on the one hand, only the Reynolds-Stress model is able to reasonably capture important flow features like secondary flow components, on the other hand also the SST k-ω two-equation model considered is acceptably accurate in predicting the integral quantities of interest.
Bare rod bundle; Direct Numerical Simulation; Liquid Metal; Low-Prandtl number; Reynolds-Stress turbulence Models
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/53294
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