Efficient fuelling will be an essential task in the EU-DEMO. The basic requirement here is to establish the target plasma core density with a minimum particle flux by injecting mm-size solid fuel pellets. Modelling showed this requires a pellet launch from the vessel inboard. Optimization can be achieved by the pellet parameters and the injection geometry; the latter however taking into account boundary conditions resulting from system integration needs. Design activities integrating the pellet transfer system into the vessel and the breeding blanket unveiled several possible variants requiring different levels of technical efforts. Basically, all extra efforts bear the benefit of a deeper and hence more favourable particle deposition. To quantify the potential gain, a full closed loop modelling was performed calculating the required pellet particle flux for any solution considered. Results allow now to balance potential advantages against related efforts required. Furthermore, the analysis tools developed can be employed for even more refined optimization of the pellet actuator tool by e.g. taking into account the interplay of pellet fuelling with burn control requirements.

Optimizing the EU-DEMO pellet fuelling scheme

Frattolillo A.;
2020

Abstract

Efficient fuelling will be an essential task in the EU-DEMO. The basic requirement here is to establish the target plasma core density with a minimum particle flux by injecting mm-size solid fuel pellets. Modelling showed this requires a pellet launch from the vessel inboard. Optimization can be achieved by the pellet parameters and the injection geometry; the latter however taking into account boundary conditions resulting from system integration needs. Design activities integrating the pellet transfer system into the vessel and the breeding blanket unveiled several possible variants requiring different levels of technical efforts. Basically, all extra efforts bear the benefit of a deeper and hence more favourable particle deposition. To quantify the potential gain, a full closed loop modelling was performed calculating the required pellet particle flux for any solution considered. Results allow now to balance potential advantages against related efforts required. Furthermore, the analysis tools developed can be employed for even more refined optimization of the pellet actuator tool by e.g. taking into account the interplay of pellet fuelling with burn control requirements.
Design integration; EU-DEMO; Fuelling; Pellet
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/53563
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