Recent numerical and experimental studies have unveiled a potentially marked difference between the laminar as well as turbulent propagation of premixed flames exhibiting Darrieus-Landau (DL) (or hydrodynamic) instabilities from flames for which instabilities are inhibited. In this study we utilize two-dimensional numerical simulations of slot burner flames as well as experimental Propane-Air Bunsen flames to analyse differences in turbulent propagation, strain rate and induced flow patterns of hydrodynamically stable and unstable flames. We also investigate the effects of hydrodynamic instability on quantities which are directly related to reaction rate closure models, such as flame surface density and stretch factor. A clear enhancement of turbulent flame speed can be observed for unstable flames, generally mitigated at higher turbulence intensity, which is attributed to a flame area increase induced by the characteristic cusp-like DL-induced corrugation, absent in stable flames, which occurs concurrently and in synergy with turbulent wrinkling. Unstable flames also exhibit, both numerically and experimentally, a different correlation between strain rate and flame curvature and are observed to give rise to a channeling of the induced flow in the fresh mixture. Conditionally averaged flame surface density is also observed to attain smaller values in unstable flames, as a result of the thicker turbulent flame brush, indicating that closure models should incorporate instability-related parameters in addition to turbulence-related parameters.

Strain rates, flow patterns and flame surface densities in hydrodynamically unstable, weakly turbulent premixed flames

Troiani G.;
2019

Abstract

Recent numerical and experimental studies have unveiled a potentially marked difference between the laminar as well as turbulent propagation of premixed flames exhibiting Darrieus-Landau (DL) (or hydrodynamic) instabilities from flames for which instabilities are inhibited. In this study we utilize two-dimensional numerical simulations of slot burner flames as well as experimental Propane-Air Bunsen flames to analyse differences in turbulent propagation, strain rate and induced flow patterns of hydrodynamically stable and unstable flames. We also investigate the effects of hydrodynamic instability on quantities which are directly related to reaction rate closure models, such as flame surface density and stretch factor. A clear enhancement of turbulent flame speed can be observed for unstable flames, generally mitigated at higher turbulence intensity, which is attributed to a flame area increase induced by the characteristic cusp-like DL-induced corrugation, absent in stable flames, which occurs concurrently and in synergy with turbulent wrinkling. Unstable flames also exhibit, both numerically and experimentally, a different correlation between strain rate and flame curvature and are observed to give rise to a channeling of the induced flow in the fresh mixture. Conditionally averaged flame surface density is also observed to attain smaller values in unstable flames, as a result of the thicker turbulent flame brush, indicating that closure models should incorporate instability-related parameters in addition to turbulence-related parameters.
Darrieus-Landau instability; Reaction rate closure; Strain rate; Turbulent premixed flames; Turbulent propagation speed
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12079/53819
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